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Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float?

Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float? »

Source: Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float?

Volume/Issue: 2005/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861174

Keywords: Learning to float, monetary and financial policy frameworks, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, flexible exchange rate, flexible exchange rate regimes, financial liberalization, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The paper finds that exchange rate flexibility in emerging market countries has increased over the past decade. This "learning to float" appears to have involved a strengthening of monetary and financial policy fra...

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals?  Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets »

Source: Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Volume/Issue: 1990/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1990

ISBN: 9781451960624

Keywords: sovereign debt, bond, bonds, debt market, sovereign bond

The insensitivity of sovereign loan secondary market returns to macroeconomic fundamentals has been attributed to market illiquidity and the absence of publicly reported transactional prices. During the 1920s and 1...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

Capital Inflows and Policy Responses in the AsEAN Region

Capital Inflows and Policy Responses in the AsEAN Region »

Source: Capital Inflows and Policy Responses in the AsEAN Region

Volume/Issue: 1996/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linda Koenig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451844214

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital inflow, capital flows, effective exchange rate

This paper reviews the experience of four ASEAN countries in dealing with an unprecedently strong influx of foreign capital in the late 1980s and early 1990s. While there was some increase in inflation associated w...

Capital Mobility and Exchange Market Intervention in Developing Countries

Capital Mobility and Exchange Market Intervention in Developing Countries »

Source: Capital Mobility and Exchange Market Intervention in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1996/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , Donald Mathieson , and Michael Dooley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1996

ISBN: 9781451855234

Keywords: capital flows, capital mobility, private capital flows, foreign exchange, capital controls

Official controls on interest rates and capital flows rule out the use of traditional interest rate parity conditions to measure changes in the degree of capital mobility confronting developing countries. This pape...

Capital Mobility in Developing Countries

Capital Mobility in Developing Countries »

Source: Capital Mobility in Developing Countries : M386Some Empirical Tests

Volume/Issue: 1990/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1990

ISBN: 9781451941319

Keywords: capital mobility, private capital, capital flows, domestic market, capital controls

The degree of capital mobility in developing economies is seldom estimated, even though it is widely recognized to be an important element in determining the effects of stabilization policies. Instead, an economy i...

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives »

Source: Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Volume/Issue: 2009/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871685

Keywords: effective tax rates, tax system, tax rates, taxation,

This paper provides an updated overview of tax incentives for business investment. It begins by noting that tax competition is likely to be a major force driving countries' tax reforms, and discusses tax incentives...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...