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Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Movements in the real exchange rate are summarized in Charts 6 and 7, which show the path of the real effective exchange rate (that is, the trade-weighted exchange rate adjusted for...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Before the takeover in late 1975, the Kingdom of the Lao P.D.R. had the Constitution of 1947 and an essentially two-tier legal framework: civil affairs, such as family, dowry, inher...

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Tax Exemptions and Deductions Rate...

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

As described in the Committee for Planning and Cooperation's Medium-Term Policy Framework and Public Investment Program, the Lao Government's ambitious policy agenda for 1994/95–199...

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries »

Source: Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866179

Keywords: regional trade agreements, gravity model, trade diversion, Mekong countries, panel data, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, rules of origin, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Is the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) in Asia a healthy development, or runs the risk of turning into an unmanageable "noodle bowl" in the future? The goal of this paper is to shed some li...

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries »

Source: Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451972870

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam, Banking reform, transition economics, Lao P.D.R., banking system, recapitalization, transition economies, loan classification, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper reviews recent banking reform efforts in the lower Mekong countries (LMCs), comprising Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam. Linked by close economic and cultural ties, the three L...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

This paper assesses the experience of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (P.D.R.) 1 with systemic transformation during 1989—94; when the IMF provided financial support under th...

II Setting of Economic Reform

II Setting of Economic Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The Country at a Glance The Lao P.D.R. is a landlocked, largely mountainous country in the center of the Indochina peninsula. Rugged terrain and elevations separate the country from...

III Recent Macroeconomic Performance and Structural Reforms

III Recent Macroeconomic Performance and Structural Reforms »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Against the background summarized in the previous subsection, the Government adopted a major medium-term adjustment program in 1989, followed by another in 1993. This section summarizes the main objectives a...