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Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Source: Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Source: Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869071.001

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505139.001

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks
			: Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks : Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Johnston , and Menzie Chinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962161.001

ISBN: 9781451962161

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, equation

We investigate the long-run relationship between the real exchange rate, traded and nontraded productivity levels, and government spending for 14 OECD countries, using recently developed panel cointegration tests....

Recognizing the Bias
			: Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy

Recognizing the Bias : Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Borja Gracia , Xingwei Hu , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508863.001

ISBN: 9781513508863

Keywords: housing cycles, private debt, debt bias, debt, price, output, prices, International Lending and Debt Problems, All Countries, debt bias.,

This paper argues that asset price cycles have significant effects on fiscal outcomes. In particular, there is evidence of debt bias-the tendency of debt to increase over the cycle- that is significantly larger for...

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks »

Source: Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks : Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Johnston , and Menzie Chinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451962161

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, equation

We investigate the long-run relationship between the real exchange rate, traded and nontraded productivity levels, and government spending for 14 OECD countries, using recently developed panel cointegration tests....

Recognizing the Bias

Recognizing the Bias »

Source: Recognizing the Bias : Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2015/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Borja Gracia , Xingwei Hu , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513508863

Keywords: housing cycles, private debt, debt bias, debt, price, output, prices, International Lending and Debt Problems, All Countries, debt bias.,

This paper argues that asset price cycles have significant effects on fiscal outcomes. In particular, there is evidence of debt bias-the tendency of debt to increase over the cycle- that is significantly larger for...