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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks
			: Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks : Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Johnston , and Menzie Chinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962161.001

ISBN: 9781451962161

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, equation

We investigate the long-run relationship between the real exchange rate, traded and nontraded productivity levels, and government spending for 14 OECD countries, using recently developed panel cointegration tests....

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure »

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jennifer Blouin , Harry Huizinga , Luc Laeven , and Gaetan Nicodeme

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484384442.001

ISBN: 9781484384442

Keywords: Thin capitalization rule, Multinational firm, Capital structure, Taxation, tax burdens, interest payments, tax countries, tax authorities, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Taxation.,

This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin...

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks

Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks »

Source: Real Exchange Rate Levels, Productivity and Demand Shocks : Evidence from a Panel of 14 Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Johnston , and Menzie Chinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451962161

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, equation

We investigate the long-run relationship between the real exchange rate, traded and nontraded productivity levels, and government spending for 14 OECD countries, using recently developed panel cointegration tests....

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure1

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure1 »

Source: Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jennifer Blouin , Harry Huizinga , Luc Laeven , and Gaetan Nicodeme

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484384442

Keywords: Thin capitalization rule, Multinational firm, Capital structure, Taxation, tax burdens, interest payments, tax countries, tax authorities, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Taxation.,

This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin...