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Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Canada: Selected Issues

Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Canada: Selected Issues

Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Source: Climate Policy and the Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

...

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure »

Source: Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure

Volume/Issue: 2006/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue , Mona Hammami , and Jean-François Ruhashyankiko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863598

Keywords: Public-Private Partnerships, Infrastructures, telecommunication sector, telecommunications, private sector participation, toll roads, Publicly Provided Goods: Other, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the cross-country and cross-industry determinants of public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements. We find that PPPs tend to be more common in countries where governmen...

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships

Volume/Issue: 2009/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451872910

Keywords: value-for-money, private sector participation, telecoms, quality of service

The paper investigates the impact of the global financial crisis on public-private partnerships (PPPs) and the circumstances under which providing support to new and existing projects is justified. Based on country...

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates »

Source: IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2010/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209538

Keywords: International Comparison Program, household goods, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

The IMF's main uses of the International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of purchasing power parity (PPP)-adjusted Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are as an element of the formula used to help guide decisions on...

Canada
			: Selected Issues

Canada : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355999.002

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Republic of the Marshall Islands
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of the Marshall Islands : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2006/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451825923.002

ISBN: 9781451825923

Keywords: rmi, tax revenue, fiscal management, fiscal sustainability, capital expenditure

This Selected Issues paper outlines economic developments in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) since independence in 1986, focusing on the challenges posed by dependence on foreign grants, and progress tow...