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Accounting Challenges for Semi-Autonomous Revenue Agencies in Developing Countries

Accounting Challenges for Semi-Autonomous Revenue Agencies in Developing Countries »

Source: Accounting Challenges for Semi-Autonomous Revenue Agencies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Seth Terkper

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869767

Keywords: accrual accounting, tax offices, tax agencies, cash accounting

The paper discusses the improvements which a semi-autonomous revenue agency (SARA) must make to its records to meet fiscal and financial accounting obligations. SARAs are legal entities, such as a service or a depa...

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin »

Source: The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin : Generosity Undermined?

Volume/Issue: 2002/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Aaditya Mattoo , and Devesh Roy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857597

Keywords: preference, rules of origin, export supply, oil exports, exporters, preferential access, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper describes the United States recently enacted Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports. The AGOA expands the scope of preferential access of Africa'...

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model »

Source: The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

Volume/Issue: 2019/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Maria Alejandra Amado , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , and Hector Perez-Saiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498314398

Keywords: Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance, Comparative advantage, AfCFTA, welfare, general equilibrium, trade barriers, welfare gain

In March 2018, representatives of member countries of the African Union signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. This agreement provides a framework for trade liberalization in goods and s...

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility »

Source: Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Volume/Issue: 2019/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302937

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, National budgets, Budgetary policy, Fiscal stimulus, procyclicality, structural budget balances, fiscal rules, output gap, countercyclical

This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing a rule-based fiscal responsibility framework, using the Philippines as a case study. It estimates structural measures of the fiscal stance over the p...

Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa

Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa »

Source: Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa : Past History and Future Prospects

Volume/Issue: 1991/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Corker , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451853902

Keywords: employment, wages, wage, labor income

Estimates of a supply-side model of the nonprimary sectors, in which particular attention has been paid to modeling key characteristics of the evolution of the apartheid system, are presented. These imply that the...

Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float?

Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float? »

Source: Are Emerging Market Countries Learning to Float?

Volume/Issue: 2005/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861174

Keywords: Learning to float, monetary and financial policy frameworks, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, flexible exchange rate, flexible exchange rate regimes, financial liberalization, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The paper finds that exchange rate flexibility in emerging market countries has increased over the past decade. This "learning to float" appears to have involved a strengthening of monetary and financial policy fra...

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?1

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?1 »

Source: Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?

Volume/Issue: 2019/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Mulas-Granados , Richard Varghese , Vizhdan Boranova , Alice deChalendar , and Judith Wallenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513519906

Keywords: Labor market characteristics, Labor market regulations, Unemployment, Social welfare programs, Labor markets, Automation, Future of Work, Robotization, Education, Reskilling

We exploit a survey data set that contains information on how 11,000 workers across advanced and emerging market economies perceive the main forces shaping the future of work. In general, workers feel more positive...

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream »

Source: Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream : Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series

Volume/Issue: 2011/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Weber , and Michaela Denk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455270507

Keywords: Missing or incomplete data, imputation quality, statistical matching, time series, missing data, algorithms, statistical methods, cluster analysis, Estimation, Model Evaluation and Selection

International organizations collect data from national authorities to create multivariate cross-sectional time series for their analyses. As data from countries with not yet well-established statistical systems may...

Back to the Future: Fiscal Rules for Regaining Sustainability

Back to the Future: Fiscal Rules for Regaining Sustainability »

Source: Back to the Future: Fiscal Rules for Regaining Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 2019/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513519128

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, Fiscal indicators, Economic policy, Economic growth, sustainability, procyclicality, debt, fiscal rules, WP

This paper assesses the cyclicality and sustainability of fiscal policy in Belize and applies a stochastic simulation model to determine the optimal set of fiscal rules. The empirical analysis shows that fiscal pol...

Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries

Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries »

Source: Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chuling Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871616

Keywords: cost efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, banking, banking sectors, bank deposits, random error,

We use bank level data to study the efficiency of banks in Sub-Saharan African middle-income countries and provide possible explanations for the difference in the efficiency levels of banks. We find that banks, on...