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Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning

Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning »

Source: Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning

Volume/Issue: 2002/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854503

Keywords: Financial Regulation, collateral, banking, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions And Services,

Adequate loan classification practices are an essential part of a sound and effective credit risk-management process in a bank. Failure to identify deterioration in credit quality in a timely manner can aggravate a...

Deposit Insurance Database

Deposit Insurance Database »

Source: Deposit Insurance Database

Volume/Issue: 2014/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Asli Demirgüç-Kunt , Edward Kane , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498354479

Keywords: banking, deposit insurance scheme, deposit guarantee, banking crisis, General,

This paper provides a comprehensive, global database of deposit insurance arrangements as of 2013. We extend our earlier dataset by including recent adopters of deposit insurance and information on the use of gover...

Emergency Liquidity Support Facilities

Emergency Liquidity Support Facilities »

Source: Emergency Liquidity Support Facilities

Volume/Issue: 2000/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850192

Keywords: Lender of Last Resort, Emergency Liquidity Support, central bank, banking, reserve bank, central banks, deposit insurance

This paper discusses operational aspects of official emergency liquidity support to individual institutions under stress. It argues that properly designed lending procedures, clearly laid-out authority and accounta...

Estimation and out-of-sample Prediction of Sudden Stops

Estimation and out-of-sample Prediction of Sudden Stops »

Source: Estimation and out-of-sample Prediction of Sudden Stops : Do Regions of Emerging Markets Behave Differently from Each Other?

Volume/Issue: 2015/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabio Comelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513563442

Keywords: gross capital inflows, emerging market economies, emerging market, market, market economies, Models with Panel Data, emerging market economies.,

We identify episodes of sudden stops in emerging economies and estimate the probability to observe them. Sudden stops are more likely when global growth falters, risk aversion in financial markets rises, and vulner...

Exchange Rate Policy and Liability Dollarization

Exchange Rate Policy and Liability Dollarization »

Source: Exchange Rate Policy and Liability Dollarization : An Empirical Study

Volume/Issue: 2007/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen , and Eduardo Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865974

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, foreign currency, inflation, nominal exchange rate

The paper identifies the contemporaneous relationship between exchange rate policy and liability dollarization using three different definitions of dollarization. The presence of endogeneity makes the empirical ide...

Expenditure Rules

Expenditure Rules »

Source: Expenditure Rules : Effective Tools for Sound Fiscal Policy?

Volume/Issue: 2015/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Till Cordes , Tidiane Kinda , Priscilla Muthoora , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498390576

Keywords: Expenditure rules, Fiscal governance, Rules versus discretion, Stabilization, expenditure, fiscal rules, debt, budget, General,

This paper provides new evidence on the effectiveness of expenditure rules. The analysis is based on a unique dataset covering all countries with national and supranational fiscal rules, including 33 expenditure ru...

Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation

Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation »

Source: Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation : Theory, Evidence, and Policy

Volume/Issue: 2003/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Biaggio Bossone , Sandeep Mahajan , and Farah Zahir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451844160

Keywords: Nonbank financial intermediation, Group interest, Information, Knowledge, Transaction costs, banking, banking sector, financial markets, financial sector, transaction cost

This study presents a theory of financial infrastructure - or the set of rules, institutions, and systems within which agents carry out financial transactions. It investigates the effects of financial infrastructur...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Source: Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...