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6 A Survey of Advice and Experience

6 A Survey of Advice and Experience »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

Many important issues arise in designing and implementing a value added tax. While the headline rate of the tax naturally attracts most attention in public discussions, issues concerning the base and adminis...

Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path

Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Assessing Offshore Financial Centers

Assessing Offshore Financial Centers »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

14 Audit

14 Audit »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

Audit is often the weakest component of VAT administration. As noted in Chapter 6, among the surveyed countries, audit performance is reported to be a particularly weak aspect of tax administration, irrespec...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

Back to Basics: Inequality: Now you see it, now you don’t

Back to Basics: Inequality: Now you see it, now you don’t »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

2 Basic Design Issues

2 Basic Design Issues »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

The diversity of VATs observed around the world reflects the wide range of choices that must be made in designing and implementing a VAT. Some of these choices are more controversial than others. This chapte...

Being Prepared

Being Prepared »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...