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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery »

Volume/Issue: 2008/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , Eleonara Granziera , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868982.001

ISBN: 9781451868982

Keywords: Growth, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, trade shock, terms of trade shock,

This paper identifies factors that contribute to a fast recovery in growth after persistent negative terms of trade shocks, using a sample of 159 countries for 1970-2006. The results suggest that policies matter. F...

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery »

Source: Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2008/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , Eleonara Granziera , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868982

Keywords: Growth, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, trade shock, terms of trade shock,

This paper identifies factors that contribute to a fast recovery in growth after persistent negative terms of trade shocks, using a sample of 159 countries for 1970-2006. The results suggest that policies matter. F...