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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 5. Credit Default Swaps and Distress Dependence in the GCC1

Chapter 5. Credit Default Swaps and Distress Dependence in the GCC1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Credit default swaps (CDS) have become a key instrument in analyzing financial risks. The evolution of sovereign CDS spreads in the GCC and other Middle Eastern countries is examined and a measu...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Spillovers from Saudi fiscal decisions and a slowdown in emerging Asia are simulated using an augmented three-region version of the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF). Saud...

Chapter 3. Fiscal Policy Issues in GCC Countries1

Chapter 3. Fiscal Policy Issues in GCC Countries1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Fiscal policy plays a key role in the GCC in converting revenues from exploitation of the region’s natural resource wealth into expenditure decisions that shape social and economic outcomes for...

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

GCC stock markets fell sharply in 2008/09 as spillovers from the global financial crisis—lower oil prices and falling real estate markets—affected the region. While stock markets have yet to rec...

Chapter 2. GDP and Welfare in the GCC1

Chapter 2. GDP and Welfare in the GCC1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

In the oil-dependent economies of the GCC, both GDP—the standard measure of the size of an economy—and non-oil GDP are shown to provide only limited information on movements in economic well-bei...