Browse

You are looking at 1 - 7 of 7 items :

  • New Zealand x
  • Insurance - Risk Assessment and Management x
  • Asia and the Pacific x
Clear All
The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855036.001

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth
			: An Empirical Analysis

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth : An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2004/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hulya Ulku

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859447.001

ISBN: 9781451859447

Keywords: Innovation, R&;amp;#x0026;D, patents, panel data, generalized method of moment (GMM), r &;amp; d, r &;amp; d stock, patent applications, r &;amp; d expenditure, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

This paper investigates the main postulations of the R&D based growth models that innovation is created in the R&D sectors and it enables sustainable economic growth, provided that there are constant...

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts?

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871326.001

ISBN: 9781451871326

Keywords: credit crunches, house prices, busts, recession, business cycle,

We provide a comprehensive empirical characterization of the linkages between key macroeconomic and financial variables around business and financial cycles for 21 OECD countries over the period 1960-2007. In parti...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Source: Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth »

Source: R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth : An Empirical Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2004/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hulya Ulku

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451859447

Keywords: Innovation, R&;amp;#x0026;D, patents, panel data, generalized method of moment (GMM), r &;amp; d, r &;amp; d stock, patent applications, r &;amp; d expenditure, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

This paper investigates the main postulations of the R&D based growth models that innovation is created in the R&D sectors and it enables sustainable economic growth, provided that there are constant...

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts?

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts? »

Source: What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts?

Volume/Issue: 2008/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

ISBN: 9781451871326

Keywords: credit crunches, house prices, busts, recession, business cycle,

We provide a comprehensive empirical characterization of the linkages between key macroeconomic and financial variables around business and financial cycles for 21 OECD countries over the period 1960-2007. In parti...