Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 56 items :

Clear All
1 Australia

1 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Compared with most of the smaller industrial economies, Australia has a small external trade sector—foreign trade amounts to approximately 15 percent of GDP. Although this and abundant energy resources have...

2 Austria

2 Austria »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The openness of the Austrian economy, in which foreign trade amounts to approximately one fourth of GDP, makes it vulnerable to external disturbances; consequently, a major aim of fiscal policy has been to s...

3 Belgium

3 Belgium »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Following several years of strong growth, real GDP declined by almost 2 percent in 1975; after a sharp recovery in 1976, when over 5 percent real growth was registered, economic activity again turned sluggis...

The Costs and Benefits of Various Wage Bargaining Structures

The Costs and Benefits of Various Wage Bargaining Structures »

Source: The Costs and Benefits of Various Wage Bargaining Structures : An Empirical Exploration

Volume/Issue: 2002/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849257

Keywords: internal factors, wage, bargaining, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: General, Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects,

The literature on the relationship between the unemployment rate and wage bargaining fails to separate the offsetting effects of a reduction in competition associated with centralized bargaining and the increased a...

4 Denmark

4 Denmark »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The relatively open Danish economy, where foreign trade amounts to 25 to 30 percent of GDP, was severely affected by the two oil crises and the ensuing global recession. Denmark’s heavy dependence on importe...

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe
			: Drivers and Benefits

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513562513.087

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

With an aging population and declining productivity growth, Europe faces serious challenges to raising its output growth. Adding to these challenges are the various gender gaps in the labor market. Despite signific...

3. Do Policies Matter?

3. Do Policies Matter? »

Source: Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

In Addition to Individual Choice, Policies Affect Employment Decisions Both individual characteristics and policies likely affect a woman’s decision to work (Figure 6...

5 Finland

5 Finland »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

A large external sector with imports and exports amounting to almost 30 percent of GDP makes the Finnish economy vulnerable to external influences; this vulnerability is accentuated by the country’s reliance...

3 Fiscal Policy, 1972–82, An Overview

3 Fiscal Policy, 1972–82, An Overview »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

This chapter contains a broad account of the pursuit of fiscal policy over a decade that witnessed the largest economic imbalances experienced on a global basis in the postwar period. While the sheer magnitu...

Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934539.071

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Written by Gisli Blondal, former Advisor in the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department, the book examines the fiscal policy pursued by 13 of the smaller industrial countries over the period 1972-82....