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The Cost of a Foreign Exchange Standard or of the Use of a Foreign Currency as the Circulating Medium

The Cost of a Foreign Exchange Standard or of the Use of a Foreign Currency as the Circulating Medium »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 5 No. 3

Volume: V

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1957

ISBN: 9781451960211

Keywords: banking, central bank, national bank, banking system, monetary system

As a part of the proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund, an Informal Session on “Recent Developments in Monetary Analysis” was held on...

An Experiment with a Flexible Exchange Rate System: The Case of Peru, 1950–54

An Experiment with a Flexible Exchange Rate System: The Case of Peru, 1950–54 »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 5 No. 3

Volume: V

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1957

ISBN: 9781451960211

Keywords: banking, central bank, national bank, banking system, monetary system

As a part of the proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund, an Informal Session on “Recent Developments in Monetary Analysis” was held on...

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings1

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings1 »

Source: Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Elif Arbatli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504477

Keywords: Sovereign Credit Ratings, fiscal performance, public debt, budget process, budget documents

This paper investigates the effect of fiscal transparency on market assessments of sovereign risk, as measured by credit ratings. It measures this effect through a direct channel (uncertainty reduction) and an indi...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2000/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451832983

Keywords: debt, budget, balance of payments, revenues

Macroeconomic developments have been very favorable since early 1999, strengthening in important areas lately. Real GDP has more than recovered from the recession that followed the 1998 crisis and the recovery is g...

Russian Federation
			: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2000/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451832983.002

ISBN: 9781451832983

Keywords: debt, budget, balance of payments, revenues

Macroeconomic developments have been very favorable since early 1999, strengthening in important areas lately. Real GDP has more than recovered from the recession that followed the 1998 crisis and the recovery is g...

IMF Staff papers
			: Volume 5 No. 3

IMF Staff papers : Volume 5 No. 3 »

Volume: V

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1957

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960211.024

ISBN: 9781451960211

Keywords: banking, central bank, national bank, banking system, monetary system

As a part of the proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund, an Informal Session on “Recent Developments in Monetary Analysis” was held on...

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings

Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings »

Volume/Issue: 2012/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Elif Arbatli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504477.001

ISBN: 9781475504477

Keywords: Sovereign Credit Ratings, fiscal performance, public debt, budget process, budget documents

This paper investigates the effect of fiscal transparency on market assessments of sovereign risk, as measured by credit ratings. It measures this effect through a direct channel (uncertainty reduction) and an indi...

Information Rigidity and the Expectations Formation Process
			: A Simple Framework and New Facts

Information Rigidity and the Expectations Formation Process : A Simple Framework and New Facts »

Volume/Issue: 2012/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Coibion , and Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519242.001

ISBN: 9781475519242

Keywords: Numbers, Information Rigidity, Survey Forecasts, inflation, rational expectations, monetary policy, inflation forecasts, monetary economics, Survey Forecasts., General,

We propose a new approach to test the full-information rational expectations hypothesis which can identify whether rejections of the arise from information rigidities. This approach quantifies the economic signifi...

The Tax Treatment of Government Bonds

The Tax Treatment of Government Bonds »

Volume/Issue: 1997/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844221.001

ISBN: 9781451844221

Keywords: bonds, taxation, government bonds, tax-exempt bonds, tax rates

In their effort to finance fiscal deficits at a reasonable cost, governments compete with other users of financial capital. Governments, however, are in the unique position that they are the only debt suppliers tha...

What Really Drives Public Debt
			: A Holistic Approach

What Really Drives Public Debt : A Holistic Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2015/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Anaya , and Alex Pienkowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591353.001

ISBN: 9781513591353

Keywords: debt, interest, interest rate, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper presents a novel approach to detail the propagation of shocks to public debt. The modeling technique involves a structural vector auto-regression (SVAR) estimator with an endogenous debt accumulation equ...