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The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility »

Source: Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility : A Political Economy Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehmet Tosun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861594

Keywords: population aging, overlapping generations, endogenous fiscal policy, international labor mobility, international capital mobility, aging, labor mobility, social security, labor migration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper uses an overlapping generations model with international labor mobility and a politically responsive fiscal policy to examine aging in developed and developing regions. Migrant workers change the politic...

Government Subsidies

Government Subsidies »

Source: Government Subsidies : Concepts, International Trends, and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gerd Schwartz , Réjane Hugounenq , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451851489

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, cash subsidies, national accounts, subsidization, Fiscal Affairs Department,

This paper addresses the problems of defining and measuring government subsidies, examines why and how government subsidies are used as a fiscal policy tool, assesses their economic effects, appraises international...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Kingdom of the Netherlands - Netherlands

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Kingdom of the Netherlands - Netherlands »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451829334

Keywords: social security, unemployment, social insurance, unemployment rate, fiscal policy

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Netherlands posted a strong economic performance during the 1990s, based on sound macroeconomic policies and complementary and interlocking reforms to fiscal po...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Kingdom of Netherlands
			: Netherlands:  Selected Issues and Analytical Notes

Kingdom of Netherlands : Netherlands: Selected Issues and Analytical Notes »

Volume/Issue: 2011/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455286645.002

ISBN: 9781455286645

Keywords: employment, unemployment rate, unemployment benefits, employment protection

Important issues of the Netherlands are discussed. Openness to trade has benefited the Netherlands before the crisis and has supported the recent recovery process. However, both financial openness and trade linkage...

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands
			: Selected Issues

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2002/123

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829365.002

ISBN: 9781451829365

Keywords: disability, disabled, health care, pension, aging

This Selected Issues paper highlights that over the past decade, the Netherlands has undergone a remarkable fiscal adjustment, with the deficit, the tax burden, and the expenditure-to-GDP ratio falling significantl...

Netherlands
			: Recent Economic Developments

Netherlands : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829297.002

ISBN: 9781451829297

Keywords: social security, unemployment, disability, capital outflows, income transfers

This paper describes economic developments in the Kingdom of the Netherlands during the 1990s. Following a slowdown in 1991-92, the Dutch economy experienced a mild recession in 1993 with GDP growth falling to abou...

Netherlands
			: Selected Background Issues

Netherlands : Selected Background Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1995/49

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829396.002

ISBN: 9781451829396

Keywords: wage, disability, wages, minimum wage, sick leave, Kingdom of the Netherlands,

This paper analyzes whether the lower increase in wages was a factor in the labor productivity and employment developments in the Netherlands. It argues that there is indeed such a link: rapid wage growth leads to...