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The Effects of Exchange Rate Fluctuationson Output and Prices

The Effects of Exchange Rate Fluctuationson Output and Prices »

Source: The Effects of Exchange Rate Fluctuationson Output and Prices : Evidence From Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Ida Mirzaie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860184

Keywords: exchange rate, anticipated vs. unanticipated appreciation, supply vs. demand channels, real and inflationary effects, price inflation, aggregate demand, money supply, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

The paper examines the effects of exchange rate fluctuations on real output and the price level in a sample of 33 developing countries. The theoretical model decomposes movements in the exchange rate into anticipat...

Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values

Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values »

Source: Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values

Volume/Issue: 1992/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Dooley , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

ISBN: 9781451967180

Keywords: taxation, central bank, debtor countries, sovereign debt

A new aggregation scheme used to measure the sources of fiscal financing of indebted countries suggests that there was a fundamental improvement in the seniority of domestic debt at the expense of foreign bank debt...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior : Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 1987/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1987

ISBN: 9781451970487

Keywords: taxation, consumption function, disposable income, aggregate demand

Tax or debt financing of a given rate of government expenditures would, according to the now well-known Ricardian Equivalence proposition, have equivalent effects on aggregate demand. Among the reasons for a deviat...

Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments1/

Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments1/ »

Source: Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments

Volume/Issue: 1995/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1995

ISBN: 9781451852349

Keywords: public spending, taxation, fiscal activities, quasi-fiscal activities, tax revenue

Comparisons about the role of the government in an economy are usually made by reference to the share of tax revenue or of public expenditure in gross domestic product. However, governments often use other tools fo...

Human Capital Convergence

Human Capital Convergence »

Source: Human Capital Convergence : International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2001/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Randa Sab , and Stephen Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845112

Keywords: convergence, growth, enrollment rate, equation, primary enrollment, enrollment rates, primary education, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Health: Other,

In the growth literature, evidence on income convergence is mixed. In the development literature, health and education indicators are also often used. This study examines whether health and education levels are con...

Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values

Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values »

Volume/Issue: 1992/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Dooley , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967180.001

ISBN: 9781451967180

Keywords: taxation, central bank, debtor countries, sovereign debt

A new aggregation scheme used to measure the sources of fiscal financing of indebted countries suggests that there was a fundamental improvement in the seniority of domestic debt at the expense of foreign bank debt...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862768.001

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior
			: Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior : Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1987/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970487.001

ISBN: 9781451970487

Keywords: taxation, consumption function, disposable income, aggregate demand

Tax or debt financing of a given rate of government expenditures would, according to the now well-known Ricardian Equivalence proposition, have equivalent effects on aggregate demand. Among the reasons for a deviat...

Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments

Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852349.001

ISBN: 9781451852349

Keywords: public spending, taxation, fiscal activities, quasi-fiscal activities, tax revenue

Comparisons about the role of the government in an economy are usually made by reference to the share of tax revenue or of public expenditure in gross domestic product. However, governments often use other tools fo...