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Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757111.071

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa improved considerably in 1996, and remained favorable in 1997. This paper, by Mohamed A. El-Erian and Susan Fennell, presents an assessment of the recent experience o...

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries »

Source: Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , and Aqib Aslam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870565

Keywords: exchange rate assessment, oil-exporting countries, consumption smoothing, current account, current account balance, current accounts, current account deficit, current account deficits,

This paper introduces a methodology for assessing external balance in countries with large stocks of non-renewable resources based on oil stock data, and applies it to selected oil producing countries. The methodol...

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions »

Source: Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions : Method and Application to the planned Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bassem Kamar , Jean-Etienne Carlotti , and Russell Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873313

Keywords: Currency union, conversion rates, EAC, East African Community, ECOWAS, ECU, GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council, SADC, South African Development Community

A key issue in creating a new currency union is setting the rates to convert national currencies into the new union currency. Planned unions in the Gulf region and Africa are seeking methods to set the conversion r...

External Stability Under Alternative Nominal Exchange Rate Anchors

External Stability Under Alternative Nominal Exchange Rate Anchors »

Source: External Stability Under Alternative Nominal Exchange Rate Anchors : An Application to the GCC Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zubair Iqbal , and S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927900

Keywords: exchange rate, statistic, exchange rates, nominal exchange rate, real exchange rate

Import and export stability is examined under two alternative nominal exchange rate anchors, the U.S. dollar and the SDR. Stability under the two pegs depends critically on import and export elasticity with respect...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

5.1 Introduction Macroeconomic stability is important for long-term growth and the literature has discussed several channels through which volatility can reduce growth....

The GCC Monetary Union

The GCC Monetary Union »

Source: The GCC Monetary Union : Some Considerations for the Exchange Rate Regime

Volume/Issue: 2003/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Behrouz Guerami , S. Erbas , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451848816

Keywords: exchange rate pegging, dollar peg, basket peg, exchange rate, competitiveness, exchange rate regime, currency basket, flexible exchange rate, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

We compare the dollar peg to a dollar-euro basket peg as alternative exchange rate regimes for the incipient Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) currency union. Quantitative evidence suggests basket peg does not dominat...

GCC Monetary Union and the Degree of Macroeconomic Policy Coordination

GCC Monetary Union and the Degree of Macroeconomic Policy Coordination »

Source: GCC Monetary Union and the Degree of Macroeconomic Policy Coordination

Volume/Issue: 2007/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bassem Kamar , and Samy Ben Naceur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868128

Keywords: Models with panel data, central banks and their policies, analysis of fiscal and monetary policy, economic integration, policy coordination and transmission, exchange rate, real exchange rate, correlation, exchange rates, cointegration,

Coordinating macroeconomic policies is a pre-requisite to a successful launch of the common currency in the GCC countries. Relying on the Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate approach as a theoretical framework, we...

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...