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Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States »

Source: Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2008/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Ota , and Stephanie Medina Cas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869019

Keywords: Government size, fiscal adjustment, external debt, external public debt,

Using a new fiscal dataset for small states, this paper analyzes the link between country size, government size, debt, and economic performance. It finds that on average small states have larger governments and hig...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Source: Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries »

Source: An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1993/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hossein Samiei , Manmohan Kumar , and Sheila Bassett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1993

ISBN: 9781451849387

Keywords: export volume, current account, current account balance, debt ratio, oil exports, Research Department,

This paper discusses three important extensions to the developing country scenario and adjustment model used in the World Economic Outlook exercises. First, the model is augmented to include fiscal and monetary sec...

How much should I hold?  Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands »

Source: How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

Volume/Issue: 2012/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505559

Keywords: Logit and quantile regression, Islands, EMP, Deleveraging, reserve holdings, short-term debt, current account, balance of payments, exchange rate regimes, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation

This paper investigates the drivers of reserves in emerging markets (EMs) and small island (SIs) and develops an operational metric for estimating reserves in SIs taking into account their unique characteristics. I...

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1993/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hossein Samiei , Manmohan Kumar , and Sheila Bassett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849387.001

ISBN: 9781451849387

Keywords: export volume, current account, current account balance, debt ratio, oil exports, Research Department,

This paper discusses three important extensions to the developing country scenario and adjustment model used in the World Economic Outlook exercises. First, the model is augmented to include fiscal and monetary sec...

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States »

Volume/Issue: 2008/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Ota , and Stephanie Medina Cas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869019.001

ISBN: 9781451869019

Keywords: Government size, fiscal adjustment, external debt, external public debt,

Using a new fiscal dataset for small states, this paper analyzes the link between country size, government size, debt, and economic performance. It finds that on average small states have larger governments and hig...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947724.001

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

How much should I hold?  Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands »

Volume/Issue: 2012/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505559.001

ISBN: 9781475505559

Keywords: Logit and quantile regression, Islands, EMP, Deleveraging, reserve holdings, short-term debt, current account, balance of payments, exchange rate regimes, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation

This paper investigates the drivers of reserves in emerging markets (EMs) and small island (SIs) and develops an operational metric for estimating reserves in SIs taking into account their unique characteristics. I...

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842739.001

ISBN: 9781451842739

Keywords: expenditures, wage, wage expenditures, expenditure

Central government wage expenditures accounted for 7 percent of GDP in 99 countries during 1980-90 (unweighted average). Regression analysis indicates that federations, countries with high populations and high per...

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments »

Source: Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Volume/Issue: 1995/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842739

Keywords: expenditures, wage, wage expenditures, expenditure

Central government wage expenditures accounted for 7 percent of GDP in 99 countries during 1980-90 (unweighted average). Regression analysis indicates that federations, countries with high populations and high per...