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Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Can Markets Compute Equilibria?

Can Markets Compute Equilibria? »

Source: Can Markets Compute Equilibria?

Volume/Issue: 2009/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hunter Monroe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871715

Keywords: Nash equilibria, bounded rationality, computational complexity, problems, polynomial, arithmetic, computation,

Recent turmoil in financial and commodities markets has renewed questions regarding how well markets discover equilibrium prices, particularly when those markets are highly complex. A relatively new critique questi...

I Evolution of Social Expenditure in the Group of Seven Major Industrial Countries, 1980–2025

I Evolution of Social Expenditure in the Group of Seven Major Industrial Countries, 1980–2025 »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Introduction Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and imp...

II Methodology for Projections

II Methodology for Projections »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Pattern of Government Social Expenditure, 1980 An important problem faced in undertaking this study, particularly given its cross-country focus, was how to define the social expendit...

III Population Dynamics in the Seven Major Industrial Countries

III Population Dynamics in the Seven Major Industrial Countries »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

A significant change is projected in the demographic structure of the seven major industrial countries over the next several decades. Through the year 2000 much of this change can be predicted with reasonabl...

Can Markets Compute Equilibria?

Can Markets Compute Equilibria? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hunter Monroe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871715.001

ISBN: 9781451871715

Keywords: Nash equilibria, bounded rationality, computational complexity, problems, polynomial, arithmetic, computation,

Recent turmoil in financial and commodities markets has renewed questions regarding how well markets discover equilibrium prices, particularly when those markets are highly complex. A relatively new critique questi...

The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneityon the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending

The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneityon the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2000/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Kuijs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846836.001

ISBN: 9781451846836

Keywords: government spending, public goods, ethnic heterogeneity, schooling, public spending, public health, infant mortality, education spending

The paper investigates empirically the impact of ethnic heterogeneity on the amount of public spending on health and education and the quality, or “technical efficiency” of spending. While it finds pa...

The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneityon the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending

The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneityon the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending »

Source: The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneityon the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending

Volume/Issue: 2000/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Kuijs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451846836

Keywords: government spending, public goods, ethnic heterogeneity, schooling, public spending, public health, infant mortality, education spending

The paper investigates empirically the impact of ethnic heterogeneity on the amount of public spending on health and education and the quality, or “technical efficiency” of spending. While it finds pa...