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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...

Fiscal Space1

Fiscal Space1 »

Source: Fiscal Space

Volume/Issue: 2010/11

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Jun Kim , and Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455228010

Keywords: Developed countries, Debt management, Public debt, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal policy, fiscal sustainability, debt dynamics, debt, interest, primary balance

In this note, the authors reexamine the issue of debt sustainability in a large group of advanced economies. Their hypothesis is that, when debt is in a moderate range, its dynamics are sustainable in the sense tha...

Fiscal Space

Fiscal Space »

Volume/Issue: 2010/11

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Jun Kim , and Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455228010.004

ISBN: 9781455228010

Keywords: Developed countries, Debt management, Public debt, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal policy, fiscal sustainability, debt dynamics, debt, interest, primary balance

In this note, the authors reexamine the issue of debt sustainability in a large group of advanced economies. Their hypothesis is that, when debt is in a moderate range, its dynamics are sustainable in the sense tha...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846928.001

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency
			: How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them »

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510577.001

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...