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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency
			: How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them »

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510577.001

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...