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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Euro Area Policies

Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis1

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis1 »

Source: Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edda Zoli , and Silvia Sgherri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873696

Keywords: Sovereign Spreads, Global Risk Repricing, bond, sovereign bond, bonds,

While the use of public resources is critical to cushion the impact of the financial crisis on the euro-area economy, it is key that the entailed fiscal costs not be seen by markets as undermining fiscal sustainabi...

Financial Cycles

Financial Cycles »

Source: Financial Cycles : What? How? When?

Volume/Issue: 2011/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455227037

Keywords: credit cycles, asset busts, crunches, house prices, financial cycles, financial crises, financial markets, equity markets, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of financial cycles using a large database covering 21 advanced countries over the period 1960:1-2007:4. Specifically, we analyze cycles in credit, house prices, and equ...

House Price Developments in Europe

House Price Developments in Europe »

Source: House Price Developments in Europe : A Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2008/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Angana Banerji , Haiyan Shi , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870695

Keywords: Housing markets, mortgage, mortgage interest, property tax, home ownership,

House prices in Europe have shown diverging trends, and this paper seeks to explain these differences by analyzing three groups of countries: the "fast lane", the average performers, and the slow movers. Price move...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

Euro Area Policies
			: 2009 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813098.002

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System »

Volume/Issue: 1997/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alessandro Zanello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960020.001

ISBN: 9781451960020

Keywords: Effective exchange rates, reer, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, export markets

This paper describes the methodology and the data used to compute nominal and real effective exchange rate indices in the International Monetary Fund’s Information Notice System (INS). In particular, it high...

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edda Zoli , and Silvia Sgherri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873696.001

ISBN: 9781451873696

Keywords: Sovereign Spreads, Global Risk Repricing, bond, sovereign bond, bonds,

While the use of public resources is critical to cushion the impact of the financial crisis on the euro-area economy, it is key that the entailed fiscal costs not be seen by markets as undermining fiscal sustainabi...

Financial Cycles
			: What? How? When?

Financial Cycles : What? How? When? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455227037.001

ISBN: 9781455227037

Keywords: credit cycles, asset busts, crunches, house prices, financial cycles, financial crises, financial markets, equity markets, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of financial cycles using a large database covering 21 advanced countries over the period 1960:1-2007:4. Specifically, we analyze cycles in credit, house prices, and equ...