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Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs »

Source: Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2009/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873641

Keywords: decision point, enhanced HIPC Initiative, IMF-supported program, debt ratio, debt service, debt ratios, concessional debt,

Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the...

Availability of Financial Soundness Indicators

Availability of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Source: Availability of Financial Soundness Indicators

Volume/Issue: 2003/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Graham Slack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451847888

Keywords: dissemination, compilation guide, capital adequacy, banking, banking crises, crisis countries, competitiveness, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Because the wave of financial crises in recent years has spurred analysts' and policymakers' interest in monitoring the vulnerabilities of financial systems, the need for supporting data has increased. This paper p...

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States »

Source: Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2008/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Ota , and Stephanie Medina Cas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869019

Keywords: Government size, fiscal adjustment, external debt, external public debt,

Using a new fiscal dataset for small states, this paper analyzes the link between country size, government size, debt, and economic performance. It finds that on average small states have larger governments and hig...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development »

Source: Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development : How it is Done and How it Could Be Done

Volume/Issue: 2011/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216789

Keywords: Country classification systems, taxonomy, taxonomies, per capita income, balance of payments, exporting countries, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper a...

Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : The History of Booms and Busts

Volume/Issue: 2009/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873528

Keywords: commodity booms, commodity busts, commodity exporters, exporters, Trade: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

We compile a historical dataset covering nearly 40 years of booms and busts in the commodity terms of trade of over 150 countries. We discuss the characteristics of these events and their effects on macroeconomic p...

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism »

Source: Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2015/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and John Ricco

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513510965

Keywords: tax, revenue, attacks, share, General, National Security and War, All Countries,

This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the frequency and severity of terrorism affect government revenue and expenditure during the period 1970-2013 using a panel dataset on 153 countries. We find that te...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy*

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy* »

Source: Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

Growth and Productivity in Papua New Guinea

Growth and Productivity in Papua New Guinea »

Source: Growth and Productivity in Papua New Guinea

Volume/Issue: 2006/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ebrima Faal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863734

Keywords: GDP Growth, tfp, growth accounting, real gdp, cointegration, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper has examined Papua New Guinea's historical economic growth patterns through a simple growth accounting framework. The analysis shows that swings in growth are mostly accounted for by a significant slowdo...

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices? »

Source: How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

Volume/Issue: 1999/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang , C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451850284

Keywords: Commodity prices, median-unbiased estimation, shock persistence, price stabilization, time series, export earnings, confidence interval, confidence intervals

This paper examines the persistence of shocks to world commodity prices, using monthly IMF data on primary commodities between 1957–98. We find that shocks to commodity prices are typically long–lasti...