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Appendix

Appendix »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

Table A1. Country Groupings for Charts 2 and 3...

Appendix I: The ECU

Appendix I: The ECU »

Source: The Role of the SDR in the International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Juanita Roushdy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1987

ISBN: 9780939934812

Keywords: monetary fund, gold, monetary system, international monetary system, exchange rate

Unit of Value Purposes Units of account other than national currencies have been used for many years in the activities of the European Communities (EC)...

Appendix II: The SDR

Appendix II: The SDR »

Source: The Role of the SDR in the International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Juanita Roushdy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1987

ISBN: 9780939934812

Keywords: monetary fund, gold, monetary system, international monetary system, exchange rate

Unit of Value Purposes The SDR at present serves as the unit of account for the Fund and is the unit in which all Fund transactions and operations and...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1 »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850352

Keywords: Government deficits and debt, present value budget constraint, sustainability indicators, fiscal sustainability, debt ratio, budget constraint, primary deficit

The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is...

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754127.084

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

This paper analyzes global commodity trends and concludes that the marked decline in real commodity prices of the past decade should be regarded as largely permanent and irreversible. The authors contend that the a...

4. Budget Execution

4. Budget Execution »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

For fiscal economists, the key issues on budget execution are always whether deficit targets are likely to be met, and whether any budget adjustments (both on the revenue and expend...

3. Budget Preparation

3. Budget Preparation »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

A full understanding of the budget planning and preparation system is essential, not just to derive expenditure projections but to be able to advise policymakers on the feasibility...

Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies

Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies »

Source: Can a Shorter Workweek Induce Higher Employment? Mandatory Reductions in the Workweek and Employment Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1999/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas , and Chera Sayers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451856422

Keywords: workweek, overtime work, labor demand, labor supply, structural unemployment, employment, wage, worker, unemployment, wages

A reduction in the legal workweek may induce a degree of downward wage flexibility, while an employment subsidy to firms accommodates downward wage rigidity. It may be possible, therefore, to increase employment wi...

13 Canada: Debt Management Policy and Operating Practices

13 Canada: Debt Management Policy and Operating Practices »

Source: Coordinating Public Debt and Monetary Management

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557755551

Keywords: debt management, debt, central bank, government securities

Typically, the major objectives of debt management policy are to raise the government’s gross borrowing requirements at minimum cost and at an acceptable level of interest rate risk...

5. Cash Planning and Management

5. Cash Planning and Management »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

As an integral element of public expenditure management, governments need to develop cash planning and management to keep within budgeted expenditure in cash terms; to prevent unant...