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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations »

Source: Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

Volume/Issue: 2007/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Ross Levine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867046

Keywords: Large shareholders, Blockholders, shareholder, shareholders, corporate valuations, dummy variable,

The bulk of corporate governance theory examines the agency problems that arise from two extreme ownership structures: 100 percent small shareholders or one large, controlling owner combined with small shareholders...

Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks

Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks »

Source: Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks

Volume/Issue: 2007/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Ong , and Martin Cihak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868302

Keywords: contagion, large banks, banking, stock market, bond, government bond,

The paper examines the scope for cross-border spillovers among major EU banks using information contained in the stock prices and financial statements of these banks. The results suggest that spillovers within dome...

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance »

Source: Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Volume/Issue: 1991/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451845068

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, real exchange rate, exchange rate commitment

It is shown in a game theoretic framework that it may pay off to signal a “conservative” policy stance--giving a high priority to price stability--by appreciating the exchange rate. Such an appreciati...

IMF Concludes 2006 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Concludes 2006 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2006/429

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451975246

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, deficit

Propelled by large terms-of-trade gains, GDP growth has accelerated and is running close to potential. The demand pressures associated with the large terms-of-trade gains are reflected in a fast real appreciation o...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2007 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2007 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2007/351

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451945881

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, revenues, External detb, Staff Report,

The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights the Russian Federation's long-term perspective, economic developments, and macroeconomic policies. Russia's economic growth remains robust. High oil...

Russian Federation
			: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/429

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975246.002

ISBN: 9781451975246

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, deficit

Propelled by large terms-of-trade gains, GDP growth has accelerated and is running close to potential. The demand pressures associated with the large terms-of-trade gains are reflected in a fast real appreciation o...

Russian Federation
			: 2007 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Russian Federation : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2007/351

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451945881.002

ISBN: 9781451945881

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, revenues, External detb, Staff Report,

The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights the Russian Federation's long-term perspective, economic developments, and macroeconomic policies. Russia's economic growth remains robust. High oil...

An Integrated Framework for Financial Positions and Flowson a From-Whom-To-Whom Basis
			: Concepts, Status, and Prospects

An Integrated Framework for Financial Positions and Flowson a From-Whom-To-Whom Basis : Concepts, Status, and Prospects »

Volume/Issue: 2012/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Segismundo Fassler , Manik Shrestha , and Reimund Mink

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937751.001

ISBN: 9781463937751

Keywords: financial flows, financial accounts, balance sheet approach, financial instruments, central bank, financial assets, financial corporations, monetary fund, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

The global crisis of 2008 highlighted the need to understand financial interconnectedness among the various sectors of an economy and between them and their counterparties in the rest of the world. However, applica...

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations »

Volume/Issue: 2007/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Ross Levine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867046.001

ISBN: 9781451867046

Keywords: Large shareholders, Blockholders, shareholder, shareholders, corporate valuations, dummy variable,

The bulk of corporate governance theory examines the agency problems that arise from two extreme ownership structures: 100 percent small shareholders or one large, controlling owner combined with small shareholders...