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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Source: External Imbalances in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

IMF Economic Review

IMF Economic Review »

Source: Research Bulletin, June 2014

Volume/Issue: 15/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498320795

Keywords: current account balances, current account balance, current account, rebalancing, low-income countries,

Articles in the June 2014 issue of the IMF Research Bulletin look at 'The Rise and Fall of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics' (Joong Shik Kang and Jay C. Shambaugh) and 'The Two Si...

Research Bulletin, June 2014

Research Bulletin, June 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 15/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320795.026

ISBN: 9781498320795

Keywords: current account balances, current account balance, current account, rebalancing, low-income countries,

Articles in the June 2014 issue of the IMF Research Bulletin look at 'The Rise and Fall of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics' (Joong Shik Kang and Jay C. Shambaugh) and 'The Two Si...

A Practical Guide to Public Debt Dynamics, Fiscal Sustainability, and Cyclical Adjustment of Budgetary Aggregates

A Practical Guide to Public Debt Dynamics, Fiscal Sustainability, and Cyclical Adjustment of Budgetary Aggregates »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Julio Escolano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462396955.005

ISBN: 9781462396955

Keywords: Public debt dynamics, debt ratio, Government budget constraint, Ponzi game, Cyclically adjusted balance, debt, interest, primary balance, interest payments

This paper presents a practical guide to public debt dynamics, fiscal sustainability, and cyclical adjustment of budgetary aggregates. The paper discusses fiscal formulas, which may be of practical use in fiscal an...

A Modern History of Fiscal Prudence and Profligacy

A Modern History of Fiscal Prudence and Profligacy »

Volume/Issue: 2013/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Rafael Romeu , Ariel Binder , and Asad Zaman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357825.001

ISBN: 9781616357825

Keywords: fiscal balance, fiscal policy response, fiscal prudence, Deficit,

We draw on a newly collected historical dataset of fiscal variables for a large panel of countries-to our knowledge, the most comprehensive database currently available-to gauge the degree of fiscal prudence or pro...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524673.001

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Pricing of Sovereign Credit Risk
			: Evidence From Advanced Economies During the Financial Crisis

Pricing of Sovereign Credit Risk : Evidence From Advanced Economies During the Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Lorenzo Forni , and Marc Gerard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931865.001

ISBN: 9781463931865

Keywords: bond, arbitrage, bonds, stock prices, Advanced Economies, Sovereign Spreads, Fiscal Risks,

We investigate the pricing of sovereign credit risk over the period 2008-2010 for selected advanced economies by examining two widely-used indicators: sovereign credit default swap (CDS) and relative asset swap (RA...

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth
			: An Empirical Analysis

R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth : An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2004/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hulya Ulku

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859447.001

ISBN: 9781451859447

Keywords: Innovation, R&;amp;#x0026;D, patents, panel data, generalized method of moment (GMM), r &;amp; d, r &;amp; d stock, patent applications, r &;amp; d expenditure, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

This paper investigates the main postulations of the R&D based growth models that innovation is created in the R&D sectors and it enables sustainable economic growth, provided that there are constant...

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts?

What Happens During Recessions, Crunches and Busts? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871326.001

ISBN: 9781451871326

Keywords: credit crunches, house prices, busts, recession, business cycle,

We provide a comprehensive empirical characterization of the linkages between key macroeconomic and financial variables around business and financial cycles for 21 OECD countries over the period 1960-2007. In parti...