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Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

This paper assesses the extent of economic and financial integration among the East African Community (EAC) along a number of dimensions and, where possible, whether integration has increased in the wake of the maj...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 1. Analysis of Merchandise Trade Integration in the EAC

Chapter 1. Analysis of Merchandise Trade Integration in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

Evolution of Tariffs and Imports of EAC Countries since the Implementation of the CU The CU is the first integration milestone in the EAC. The EAC member states have...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 3. Financial Integration in the EAC

Chapter 3. Financial Integration in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

The CM protocol requires EAC countries to eliminate restrictions on the free movement of capital. Article 24 of the protocol eliminates capital flow restrictions among the member states based on...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...

Chapter 2. Labor Migration and Remittances in the EAC

Chapter 2. Labor Migration and Remittances in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

The CM is the second regional integration milestone of the EAC. The EAC partner states are expected to maintain a liberal stance toward the movement of goods, services, labor, and capital, and t...

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Public Service Delivery Higher wage bills have on average not produced better service delivery, though public services are also affected by other considerations (Figures 4.1 and 4.2)...