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Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Source: Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Determinants of Government Efficiency

Determinants of Government Efficiency »

Source: Determinants of Government Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2008/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870862

Keywords: Public sector performance, institutions, expenditure, health spending, public spending, health sector, health expenditure,

We compile the first large cross-country panel dataset of public sector performance and efficiency, encompassing 114 countries on all income levels from 1980 to 2006, with about 1,800 country-year observations for...

The External Wealth of Nations

The External Wealth of Nations »

Source: The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947724.001

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Determinants of Government Efficiency

Determinants of Government Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2008/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870862.001

ISBN: 9781451870862

Keywords: Public sector performance, institutions, expenditure, health spending, public spending, health sector, health expenditure,

We compile the first large cross-country panel dataset of public sector performance and efficiency, encompassing 114 countries on all income levels from 1980 to 2006, with about 1,800 country-year observations for...

Inflation and Monetary Reform

Inflation and Monetary Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1992/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Richard Agénor , and Anna Lennblad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965315.001

ISBN: 9781451965315

Keywords: money stock, foreign currency, monetary reform, foreign exchange

The introduction of a new currency has often occurred as part of a program to fight hyperinflation. In this context, non-uniform conversion rates for different types of assets and liabilities have been used as a me...

The External Wealth of Nations
			: Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853841.001

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...

The Peace Dividend
			: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth

The Peace Dividend : Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1995/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight , Delano Villanueva , and Norman Loayza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847338.001

ISBN: 9781451847338

Keywords: military spending, military, military expenditures, military expenditure

Although conventional wisdom suggests that reducing military spending may improve a country’s economic growth performance, empirical studies have produced ambiguous results. This paper extends a standard gro...

Time-Varying Thresholds
			: An Application to Purchasing Power Parity

Time-Varying Thresholds : An Application to Purchasing Power Parity »

Volume/Issue: 2003/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Serineh Najarian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859218.001

ISBN: 9781451859218

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, nonlinearity, real exchange rate, statistics, time-varying thresholds, asymmetry,

This paper introduces a time-varying threshold autoregressive model (TVTAR), which is used to examine the persistence of deviations from PPP. We find support for the stationary TVTAR against the unit root hypothesi...

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development
			: Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development : Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List »

Volume/Issue: 2009/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Piotrowski , Rabah Arezki , and Reda Cherif

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873238.001

ISBN: 9781451873238

Keywords: economic development and growth and instrumental variables, unesco world heritage, heritage, world heritage,

The present paper investigates whether tourism specialization is a viable strategy for development. We estimate standard growth equations augmented with a variable measuring tourism specialization using instrumenta...