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The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru

The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru »

Source: The Adjustment to Commodity Price Shocks in Chile, Colombia, and Peru

Volume/Issue: 2017/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Roch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484320648

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Peru, Chile, Colombia, JEL Classification Numbers: E62, F14, H50, O13 Commodity Prices, Fiscal Policy, Flexible Exchange Rates

This paper presents a comparative analysis of the macroeconomic adjustment in Chile, Colombia, and Peru to commodity terms-of-trade shocks. The study is done in two steps: (i) an analysis of the impulse responses o...

Assessing the Macroeconomic Impact of Structural Reforms in Chile

Assessing the Macroeconomic Impact of Structural Reforms in Chile »

Source: Assessing the Macroeconomic Impact of Structural Reforms in Chile

Volume/Issue: 2018/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484386934

Keywords: Technological innovation, Product markets, Productivity, Western Hemisphere, Labor markets, Chile, Fiscal reforms, Education, Structural Reforms, Economics of Regulation

This study investigates the likely macroeconomic impact of various structural reforms that align the Chilean regulatory framework with international best practices. In this context, the analysis: i) presents a comp...

Banca central en Am�rica Latina

Banca central en Am�rica Latina »

Source: Banca central en América Latina : El camino hacia adelante

Volume/Issue: 2016/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Carriere-Swallow , Luis I. Jacome H. , Nicolas Magud , and Alejandro Werner

Publisher: CEMLA/Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinamericano

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484343241

Keywords: Argentina, Bolivia, Central bank autonomy, Central banks, Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Financial stability, Intervention

Los bancos centrales de América Latina han avanzado considerablemente en la creación de un entorno de estabilidad de precios que propicie el crecimiento económico sostenible. Examinamos estos logros y analizamos lo...

Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile

Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile »

Source: Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile

Volume/Issue: 2018/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484363102

Keywords: Financial crises, Foreign banks, Monetary policy; monetary policy shocks; proxy VAR; central bank communication; central bank predictability; inflation forecast dispersion, Chile, Monetary policy, monetary policy shocks, proxy VAR, central bank communication, central bank predictability, inflation forecast dispersion

This paper assesses the quality of the CBC's communication policy by looking at the predictability and effectiveness of monetary policy communications by the Central Bank of Chile (CBC). To do so, we construct inde...

Central Banking in Latin America

Central Banking in Latin America »

Source: Central Banking in Latin America : The Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2016/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Carriere-Swallow , Luis I. Jacome H. , Nicolas Magud , and Alejandro Werner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475543353

Keywords: Central Banking, Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policy, Latin America.

Latin America's central banks have made substantial progress towards delivering an environment of price stability that is supportive of sustainable economic growth. We review these achievements, and discuss remaini...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy »

Source: The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Chile's Structural Fiscal Surplus Rule

Chile's Structural Fiscal Surplus Rule »

Source: Chile's Structural Fiscal Surplus Rule : A Model-Based Evaluation

Volume/Issue: 2009/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872354

Keywords: Structural Fiscal Surplus Rule, tax revenue, labor income, budget constraint, fiscal accounts,

The paper analyzes Chile's structural balance fiscal rule in the face of copper price shocks originating in foreign copper demand. It uses a version of the IMF's Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model (GIMF) t...

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries »

Source: Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475514018

Keywords: Fiscal policy rules, countercyclical fiscal policy, macroeconomic policy, oil price, oil, fiscal rule, fiscal authority, tax revenues, Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics

Structural budget-balance rules with countercyclical elements appear well suited to stabilize the macroeconomic volatility of oil-exporting countries and have been used successfully by other commodity exporters. Us...

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure »

Source: The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure : Update and Overview

Volume/Issue: 1995/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850581

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditure programs, public expenditures, expenditures

It is commonly agreed that economic policies, including budgetary policies, can have potentially strong distributional effects. Traditional economic analysis held that economic policies affected the income distribu...

Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy

Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy »

Source: Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy

Volume/Issue: 2019/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesca Caselli , and Julien Reynaud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498300865

Keywords: Fiscal rules, Fiscal balance, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal framework, Fiscal sustainability, Instrument variable (IV) estimation, Fiscal rules, Fiscal balances., endogeneity, instrumental variable

This paper estimates the causal effect of fiscal rules on fiscal balances in a panel of 142 countries over the period 1985-2015. Our instrumental variable strategy exploits the geographical diffusion of fiscal rule...