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Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures

Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A1. Trade Liberalization Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community 1...

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A2. Restrictive Trade Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community...

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

For several years prior to the dissolution of the CMEA in 1991, the U.S.S.R. provided large implicit price subsidies, on a net basis, to the former CMEA member countries through the...

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993 »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Financial Assistance in 1992 During 1990–1991, the Government of the U.S.S.R. repeatedly requested financial assistance from Western governm...

Appendix V Statistical Appendix

Appendix V Statistical Appendix »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A5. Russia’s Balance of Payments with States of the Former U.S.S.R....

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the age of in...

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Balance of payments difficulties did not begin with the demise of central planning, the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., and the abolition of the CMEA trade and payments arrangements. The external situation h...

III. Balance of Payments Developments

III. Balance of Payments Developments »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

External developments in recent years can be illustrated by the net savings balance with regard to the rest of the world (Table 1). The balance on goods and nonfactor services reflects, by definition, the di...