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5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies

5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction A fundamental role of the state lies in its provision of a legal order and in its ability to implement and enforce property rights and other formal rules in an econom...

6 A Survey of Advice and Experience

6 A Survey of Advice and Experience »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

Many important issues arise in designing and implementing a value added tax. While the headline rate of the tax naturally attracts most attention in public discussions, issues concerning the base and adminis...

16 Argentina

16 Argentina »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Argentina is a large and decentralized country with significant constitutional powers bestowed to the provincial level of government. As defined in Article 1 of its National Constitution, there are three mai...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

14 Audit

14 Audit »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

Audit is often the weakest component of VAT administration. As noted in Chapter 6, among the surveyed countries, audit performance is reported to be a particularly weak aspect of tax administration, irrespec...

8 Australia

8 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The Australian federation is distinguished by a large vertical imbalance between revenue and expenditure assignments at the national and subnational level. The central government raises about 70 percent of t...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

6 Banking Crisis and Recovery

6 Banking Crisis and Recovery »

Source: Russia Rebounds

Series: Books

Author(s): David Robinson , and David Owen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062078

Keywords: banking, banking system, tax administration, expenditure, bonds

The August 1998 crisis had an immediate and significant impact on the banking system. The combination of the government’s de facto default on its domestic debt and the sharp devaluation of the ruble provided...

2 Basic Design Issues

2 Basic Design Issues »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

The diversity of VATs observed around the world reflects the wide range of choices that must be made in designing and implementing a VAT. Some of these choices are more controversial than others. This chapte...

17 Bolivia

17 Bolivia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

As previous chapters have related, the major objective of recent reforms of intergovernmental financial relations in countries around the world has been the decentralization of government operations from the...