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Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring : The Experience of Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451971941

Keywords: Bulgaria, debt, debt reduction, interest, debt service, external debt

This paper reviews commercial bank debt restructuring based on the recent experience of Bulgaria. While the deal is shown to have generated substantial debt relief at a remarkably low cost, several lessons are draw...

Economic Transition and Social Protection

Economic Transition and Social Protection »

Source: Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe
			: Lessons and Challenges

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe : Lessons and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 1993/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971873.003

ISBN: 9781451971873

Keywords: privatization, state enterprises, mass privatization, enterprise debt, enterprise sector

This paper analyzes some of the lessons that can be drawn from the experience of Eastern Europe in the process of transition to a market economy that is under way, and examines some key challenges currently facing...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures
			: Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451945997.003

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring
			: The Experience of Bulgaria

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring : The Experience of Bulgaria »

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971941.003

ISBN: 9781451971941

Keywords: Bulgaria, debt, debt reduction, interest, debt service, external debt

This paper reviews commercial bank debt restructuring based on the recent experience of Bulgaria. While the deal is shown to have generated substantial debt relief at a remarkably low cost, several lessons are draw...

Economic Transition and Social Protection
			: Issues and Agenda for Reform

Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967760.003

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

Issuing Government Bonds to Finance Bank Recapitalization and Restructuring
			: Design Factors that Affect Banks' Financial Performance

Issuing Government Bonds to Finance Bank Recapitalization and Restructuring : Design Factors that Affect Banks' Financial Performance »

Volume/Issue: 2003/4

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Michael Andrews

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451973662.003

ISBN: 9781451973662

Keywords: Banking crisis, Bank restructuring, Financial crisis, systemic crisis, bank recapitalization, bank privatization, government bonds, government debt management, restructuring, recapitalization

Bonds issued by the government or government agencies are often used to finance bank restructuring following a systemic crisis. Many conflicting considerations affect the design of the bonds used to pay for public...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy of Transition Economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the Launch of EMU

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy of Transition Economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the Launch of EMU »

Volume/Issue: 1999/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972641.003

ISBN: 9781451972641

Keywords: Central and Eastern Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Exchange rate policy, Monetary policy, Transition economies, EMU, exchange rates, exchange rate, international monetary fund, currency board

The more advanced Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) face an evolving set of considerations in choosing their exchange rate policies. On the one hand, capital mobility is increasing, and this imposes ad...

Pros and Cons of Currency Board Arrangements in the Lead-Up to EU Accession and Participation in the Euro Zone

Pros and Cons of Currency Board Arrangements in the Lead-Up to EU Accession and Participation in the Euro Zone »

Volume/Issue: 2000/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Anne Gulde , Juha Kähkönen , and Peter Keller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974928.003

ISBN: 9781451974928

Keywords: Currency boards, European Economic and Monetary Union, European Union, Euro Area, EU accession, EMU, euro, currency board, exchange rate, exchange rate regime

Historically, countries with currency board arrangements (CBAs) have experienced lower inflation and higher growth than those with other regimes. The experiences of three candidates for EU membership with CBAs (Est...