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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

The European Monetary System
			: The Experience, 1979-82

The European Monetary System : The Experience, 1979-82 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Nyberg , Horst Ungerer , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750631.084

ISBN: 9781557750631

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, european monetary system

This paper is concerned with developments in the European Monetary System (EMS) from its start in March 1979 through December 1982....

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

I. Introduction and Background

I. Introduction and Background »

Source: The European Monetary System : The Experience, 1979-82

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Nyberg , Horst Ungerer , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 1983

ISBN: 9781557750631

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, european monetary system

This paper is concerned with developments in the European Monetary System (EMS) from its start in March 1979 through December 1982. Chapter I provides a summary of events leading up...

II. The Performance of the System

II. The Performance of the System »

Source: The European Monetary System : The Experience, 1979-82

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Nyberg , Horst Ungerer , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 1983

ISBN: 9781557750631

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, european monetary system

General At the start of the EMS, contrasting expectations and fears were raised with regard to the consequences of a strict adherence to a system of fixed, though adjustable, exchang...

III. The Evolution of the System

III. The Evolution of the System »

Source: The European Monetary System : The Experience, 1979-82

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Nyberg , Horst Ungerer , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 1983

ISBN: 9781557750631

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, european monetary system

Operational Aspects The European Council Resolution of December 5, 1978 established the framework for the European Monetary System and the Agreement of March 13, 1979 between the EC...

Reforming the Stability and Growth Pact

Reforming the Stability and Growth Pact »

Volume/Issue: 2005/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Anthony Annett , Jörg Decressin , and Michael Deppler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975482.003

ISBN: 9781451975482

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, Fiscal rules, Political economy, structural reforms, implicit liabilities, international monetary fund

A rules-based fiscal framework, such as the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact (SGP), can be an important bulwark against short-sighted policies. Although policies have improved following the SGP’s adopti...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...