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Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream »

Source: Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream : Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series

Volume/Issue: 2011/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Weber , and Michaela Denk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455270507

Keywords: Missing or incomplete data, imputation quality, statistical matching, time series, missing data, algorithms, statistical methods, cluster analysis, Estimation, Model Evaluation and Selection

International organizations collect data from national authorities to create multivariate cross-sectional time series for their analyses. As data from countries with not yet well-established statistical systems may...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Euro Area Policies

Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

Euro Area Policies
			: 2009 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Euro Area Policies : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813098.002

ISBN: 9781451813098

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, labor market

This 2009 Article IV Consultation focuses on euro area policies. The euro area remains in recession, with signs of improvement yet to evolve into a recovery. The large drop in financial wealth, an associated increa...

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream
			: Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream : Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series »

Volume/Issue: 2011/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Weber , and Michaela Denk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455270507.001

ISBN: 9781455270507

Keywords: Missing or incomplete data, imputation quality, statistical matching, time series, missing data, algorithms, statistical methods, cluster analysis, Estimation, Model Evaluation and Selection

International organizations collect data from national authorities to create multivariate cross-sectional time series for their analyses. As data from countries with not yet well-established statistical systems may...

Institutional Quality, Knightian Uncertainty, and Insurability
			: A Cross-Country Analysis

Institutional Quality, Knightian Uncertainty, and Insurability : A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2006/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas , and Chera Sayers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864397.001

ISBN: 9781451864397

Keywords: Institutional Quality, Knightian Uncertainty, Insurability, non-life insurance, life insurance, insurance markets, insurance coverage, Comparative Studies of Countries, Information And Uncertainty,

Knightian uncertainty (ambiguity) implies presence of uninsurable risks. Institutional quality may be a good indicator of Knightian uncertainty. This paper correlates non-life insurance penetration in 70 countries...

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1991/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sijbren Cnossen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960631.001

ISBN: 9781451960631

Keywords: vat, credit, purchases, registration, prices

In the course of introducing a market-oriented tax system, most Central and Eastern European countries are actively considering the merits of a value-added tax (VAT). This paper examines a wide range of social, eco...

Labor's Liquidity Service and Firing Costs

Labor's Liquidity Service and Firing Costs »

Volume/Issue: 2007/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Herman Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866841.001

ISBN: 9781451866841

Keywords: Firing Costs, Financial Restrictions, Liquidity Constraints, Labor&;amp;#x2019;s Liquidity Service, Empirical Evidence, equation, employment, correlation, standard errors,

This paper proposes a new effect of firing costs on firms' behavior that builds from firms' demand for liquidity. When a time gap exists between production and its associated revenues, firing can become a liquidity...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855036.001

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...