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Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Source: Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1 »

Source: Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869071.001

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method »

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524277.001

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Measuring the Role of Subnational Governments

Measuring the Role of Subnational Governments »

Volume/Issue: 1991/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Levin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842456.001

ISBN: 9781451842456

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, government expenditures, general government expenditures, public finance

To measure subnational governments, only external money flows are counted, excluding intra-level transactions in measuring a level of government and all intergovernmental transactions in measuring general governmen...

Recognizing the Bias
			: Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy

Recognizing the Bias : Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Borja Gracia , Xingwei Hu , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508863.001

ISBN: 9781513508863

Keywords: housing cycles, private debt, debt bias, debt, price, output, prices, International Lending and Debt Problems, All Countries, debt bias.,

This paper argues that asset price cycles have significant effects on fiscal outcomes. In particular, there is evidence of debt bias-the tendency of debt to increase over the cycle- that is significantly larger for...

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure »

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jennifer Blouin , Harry Huizinga , Luc Laeven , and Gaetan Nicodeme

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484384442.001

ISBN: 9781484384442

Keywords: Thin capitalization rule, Multinational firm, Capital structure, Taxation, tax burdens, interest payments, tax countries, tax authorities, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Taxation.,

This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin...

Measuring the Role of Subnational Governments

Measuring the Role of Subnational Governments »

Source: Measuring the Role of Subnational Governments

Volume/Issue: 1991/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Levin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451842456

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, government expenditures, general government expenditures, public finance

To measure subnational governments, only external money flows are counted, excluding intra-level transactions in measuring a level of government and all intergovernmental transactions in measuring general governmen...

Recognizing the Bias

Recognizing the Bias »

Source: Recognizing the Bias : Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2015/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Borja Gracia , Xingwei Hu , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513508863

Keywords: housing cycles, private debt, debt bias, debt, price, output, prices, International Lending and Debt Problems, All Countries, debt bias.,

This paper argues that asset price cycles have significant effects on fiscal outcomes. In particular, there is evidence of debt bias-the tendency of debt to increase over the cycle- that is significantly larger for...