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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

2. Collection Methods

2. Collection Methods »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio investment Survey : Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781455216567

Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, equity securities, statistics

Summary A considerable degree of complexity is involved in organizing a portfolio investment survey to ensure good quality data. Therefore, compilers should carefully consider all po...

Coordinated Portfolio investment Survey
			: Survey Guide

Coordinated Portfolio investment Survey : Survey Guide »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216567.071

ISBN: 9781455216567

Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, equity securities, statistics

This paper presents a coordinated portfolio investment survey guide provided to assist national compilers in the conduct of the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, conducted under the auspices of the IMF with...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio investment Survey : Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781455216567

Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, equity securities, statistics

This paper presents a coordinated portfolio investment survey guide provided to assist national compilers in the conduct of the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, conducted under the auspices of the IMF with...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio investment Survey : Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781455216567

Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, equity securities, statistics

This paper presents a coordinated portfolio investment survey guide provided to assist national compilers in the conduct of the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, conducted under the auspices of the IMF with...

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System »

Volume/Issue: 1997/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alessandro Zanello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960020.001

ISBN: 9781451960020

Keywords: Effective exchange rates, reer, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, export markets

This paper describes the methodology and the data used to compute nominal and real effective exchange rate indices in the International Monetary Fund’s Information Notice System (INS). In particular, it high...

An Integrated Framework for Financial Positions and Flowson a From-Whom-To-Whom Basis
			: Concepts, Status, and Prospects

An Integrated Framework for Financial Positions and Flowson a From-Whom-To-Whom Basis : Concepts, Status, and Prospects »

Volume/Issue: 2012/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Segismundo Fassler , Manik Shrestha , and Reimund Mink

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937751.001

ISBN: 9781463937751

Keywords: financial flows, financial accounts, balance sheet approach, financial instruments, central bank, financial assets, financial corporations, monetary fund, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

The global crisis of 2008 highlighted the need to understand financial interconnectedness among the various sectors of an economy and between them and their counterparties in the rest of the world. However, applica...

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2008/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lundback

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870213.001

ISBN: 9781451870213

Keywords: Fiscal Frameworks, mtbf, expenditure, expenditures, fiscal policies,

The Austrian government is about to introduce a new fiscal management framework. The first step is to introduce a medium-term budgetary framework, including an expenditure rule. The paper focuses on this first step...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials
			: A Panel Study

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials : A Panel Study »

Volume/Issue: 1999/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jun Nagayasu , and Ronald MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845556.001

ISBN: 9781451845556

Keywords: Real exchange rates, real interest rates, panel cointegration, cointegration, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper empirically examines the long-run relationship between real exchange rates and real interest rate differentials over the recent floating exchange rate period, using a panel cointegration method, with dat...