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The Capital Inflows Problem

The Capital Inflows Problem »

Source: The Capital Inflows Problem : Concepts and Issues

Volume/Issue: 1993/10

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Leonardo Leiderman , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

ISBN: 9781451969931

Keywords: Inflation, capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, exchange rate appreciation

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events f...

Currency Boards

Currency Boards »

Source: Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...

The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis: Seven Common Criticisms

The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis: Seven Common Criticisms »

Source: The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis : Seven Common Criticisms

Volume/Issue: 1994/23

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451962154

Keywords: Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Guyana, Suriname

The IMF played a key role in developing and implementing the debt strategy throughout the 1980s. That strategy not only overcame the crisis but also produced successful transformationsof several major economiesin L...

Currency Boards
			: Issues and Experiences

Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965056.003

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971187.003

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

The Capital Inflows Problem
			: Concepts and Issues

The Capital Inflows Problem : Concepts and Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1993/10

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Leonardo Leiderman , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969931.003

ISBN: 9781451969931

Keywords: Inflation, capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, exchange rate appreciation

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events f...

Primary Surpluses and sustainable Debt Levels in Emerging Market Countries

Primary Surpluses and sustainable Debt Levels in Emerging Market Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2005/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975703.003

ISBN: 9781451975703

Keywords: Primary surplus;, public debt sustainability, debt, public debt, primary surplus, debt sustainability, interest rates, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

This paper aims to put some constraints on the way primary surpluses are projected when making assessments of public debt sustainability. Projections should be tied either to the country's historical track record i...

Structural Policies in Developing Countries

Structural Policies in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1994/19

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964615.003

ISBN: 9781451964615

Keywords: International trade, financial markets, interest rates, financial repression, real interest rates

This paper discusses the broad orientation of the economic systems adopted in developing countries. While government-led development strategies were widely followed by developing countries since the 1950s and 1960s...

Tax Administration and the Small Taxpayer

Tax Administration and the Small Taxpayer »

Volume/Issue: 2004/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974577.003

ISBN: 9781451974577

Keywords: Services sector, Tax policy, Tax administration, small taxpayers, large taxpayer units, tax administration and the small taxpayer, taxpayers, income tax, single tax, tax system,

Small taxpayers should pay their appropriate revenue share while their compliance costs should be reduced. This assumes importance as restructuring in emerging markets has meant rapid growth in services through sel...

The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis
			: Seven Common Criticisms

The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis : Seven Common Criticisms »

Volume/Issue: 1994/23

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962154.003

ISBN: 9781451962154

Keywords: Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Guyana, Suriname

The IMF played a key role in developing and implementing the debt strategy throughout the 1980s. That strategy not only overcame the crisis but also produced successful transformationsof several major economiesin L...