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Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer »

Source: Being Poor, Feeling Poorer : Inequality, Poverty and Poverty Perceptions in the Western Balkans

Volume/Issue: 2016/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475515060

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Serbia, Poverty measurement, Cross country analysis

Emerging Europe has undergone a major economic transformation over the past 25 years. Most countries experienced initial drops in output during transition, followed by recovery in the second half of the 1990s. The...

Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries1

Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries1 »

Source: Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sophia Gollwitzer , Eteri Kvintradze , Tej Prakash , Luis-Felipe Zanna , Era Dabla-Norris , Richard Allen , Irene Yackovlev , and Victor Lledo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982237

Keywords: Budget Institutions, Budget Systems, Low-Income Countries, Government Deficits, budget process, fiscal discipline, fiscal performance,

This paper presents, for the first time, multi-dimensional indices of the quality of budget institutions in low-income countries. The indices allow for benchmarking against the performance of middle-income countrie...

The Effective Lower Bound for the Policy Rate in Euroized Economies-An Application to the Case of Albania

The Effective Lower Bound for the Policy Rate in Euroized Economies-An Application to the Case of Albania »

Source: The Effective Lower Bound for the Policy Rate in Euroized Economies-An Application to the Case of Albania

Volume/Issue: 2018/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guido della Valle , Erald Themeli , Romain Veyrune , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Shaoyu Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484345313

Keywords: Monetary policy, Europe, Albania, interest rate lower bound, euroization, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Albania

Based on the experience of the Bank of Albania, the paper proposes a framework to estimate the interest rate lower bound in small, open, and euroized economies. The paper introduces a stylized monitoring tool to as...

Euroization Drivers and Effective Policy Response: An Application to the case of Albania

Euroization Drivers and Effective Policy Response: An Application to the case of Albania »

Source: Euroization Drivers and Effective Policy Response: An Application to the case of Albania

Volume/Issue: 2018/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guido della Valle , Vasilika Kota , Romain Veyrune , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Shaoyu Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338728

Keywords: Dollarization, Europe, Financial stability, Albania, Central banks and their policies, euroization, and reserve requirement, reserve requirement

This paper proposes a methodology to develop empirically based and theoretically consistent deeuroization policies. It is derived from the experience of Albania. The paper is the first attempt to provide an empiric...

Europe

Europe »

Source: Europe : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheila Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475520088

Keywords: Gender budgeting, Europe, fiscal policies and administration, gender inequality

This paper surveys European gender budgeting efforts, which have enjoyed sustained support for more than a decade and a half. In a number of countries, gender budgeting led to significant changes in budget legislat...

Financial Sustainability and Reform Options for the Albanian Pension Fund

Financial Sustainability and Reform Options for the Albanian Pension Fund »

Source: Financial Sustainability and Reform Options for the Albanian Pension Fund

Volume/Issue: 2001/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2001

ISBN: 9781451846645

Keywords: Parametric reforms of pension funds, multi-pillar reforms, pension, pension fund, benefits, retirement age, pensions,

This paper studies the financial sustainability of the Albanian pension fund and assesses possible options for its reform. The paper concludes that the pension fund is not sustainable in its current form and propos...

Fiscal Objective in the Post IMF Program World

Fiscal Objective in the Post IMF Program World »

Source: Fiscal Objective in the Post IMF Program World : The Case of Albania

Volume/Issue: 2010/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiri Jonas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982206

Keywords: public debt, debt ratio, fiscal rule, fiscal balance, National Deficit Surplus,

The paper discusses the challenges facing Albania's fiscal policy following the graduation from the IMF programs. It argues that Albania's public debt remains too high and needs to be reduced. Strengthening the fis...

A General Equilibrium Approach to Interenterprise Arrears in Transition Economies with Application to Russia

A General Equilibrium Approach to Interenterprise Arrears in Transition Economies with Application to Russia »

Source: A General Equilibrium Approach to Interenterprise Arrears in Transition Economies with Application to Russia

Volume/Issue: 1995/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Goohoon Kwon , and Se-Jik Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451856491

Keywords: trade credit, commercialization, equilibrium model, transition economies, aggregate trade

This paper presents a general equilibrium model of interenterprise arrears, characterized by n-stage production technology with random productivity shocks. The model shows that large interenterprise arrears in tran...

General Equilibrium Under Shortage

General Equilibrium Under Shortage »

Source: General Equilibrium Under Shortage : A Generalized Barro-Grossman Model

Volume/Issue: 1991/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kent Osband

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1991

ISBN: 9781451965667

Keywords: black market, real money, inflation, general equilibrium

In several recent articles, the Barro-Grossman model of general equilibrium under shortage has been modified to incorporate money demand and alternative retail sales mechanisms. This paper extends this work to allo...