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Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Russia and the IMF
			: The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization

Russia and the IMF : The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 1994/20

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963939.003

ISBN: 9781451963939

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, monetary financing, monetary fund, European II Department,

This paper reviews the experience with macroeconomic stabilization in Russia during the 2 1/2 years following the beginning of reforms in January 1992. It focuses on the different perceptions about the nature, the...

The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS)

The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS) »

Volume/Issue: 1993/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970678.003

ISBN: 9781451970678

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, tax structures, tax structure, tax systems

Two possible tax policy strategies for the NIS are: (1) an optimal nondistortionary tax structure as a one-shot action; and (2) a structure with identifiable and clearly understood distortionary elements as a tempo...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968958.003

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union
			: The Transition to a Market Economy

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972610.003

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972849.003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

On a Common Currency for the GCC Countries

On a Common Currency for the GCC Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/12

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Esteban Jadresic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969481.003

ISBN: 9781451969481

Keywords: Currencies, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Currency, GCC countries, common currency, exchange rate, international monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary policy,

This paper assesses the eventual replacement of the currencies of the GCC countries with a common currency. It concludes that a properly implemented currency union may contribute to enhance economic efficiency in t...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969856.003

ISBN: 9781451969856

Keywords: Poverty, Fund-supported adjustment programs, IMF Programs, Social Impact, poverty reduction, impact analysis, social impact analysis, civil service, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, General Welfare,

This paper aims to inform on the status of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) in IMF-supported programs, detailing the results presented in the recent review of PRGF-supported programs. The review showed tha...