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Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Source: Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1 »

Source: Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

 Corporate Income Tax Harmonization and Capital Allocation

Corporate Income Tax Harmonization and Capital Allocation »

Source: Corporate Income Tax Harmonization and Capital Allocation

Volume/Issue: 1990/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1990

ISBN: 9781451948035

Keywords: cost of capital, capital stock, effective tax rates, tax systems, inflation rate

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries »

Source: The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

Volume/Issue: 1998/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451850727

Keywords: Trade Discipline, European Economic Integration, Market Structure, Markups, import penetration, competition, import competition, world price, imperfect competition

This paper examines the effects of intensified international competition on industry profits in six European Union (EU) countries. The paper uses two methods to estimate industry profits. The traditional method use...

Euro Area Policies

Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows »

Source: Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows : Evidence From the European Union

Volume/Issue: 1998/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451852950

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Volatility, Bilateral Trade, EMU, exchange rate volatility, exchange rate uncertainty, international trade, trade flows

This paper analyzes the effects of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. Through use of a gravity model and panel data from western Europe, exchange rate uncertainty is found to have a negative effect...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Source: Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...