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José C. Sánchiz

“International Financial Statistics”—known wherever international monetary affairs are studied as IFS—is a compendium of information, issued monthly by the Fund. It is a major tool for understanding the international monetary system and the economic situation of individual countries.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights Nigeria’s poverty and income inequality that remain high and social and governance indicators that are below averages for sub-Saharan Africa. Growth is expected to remain strong, driven by agriculture, trade, and services. Inflation should continue to decline, in line with a tight monetary policy, and a lowering trend in food prices from higher rice and wheat production. Transparency and governance in the oil sector should be enhanced, including by strengthening the regulatory framework through the passage of a sound Petroleum Industry Bill featuring stringent enforcement clauses.

International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Context. The Sri Lankan economy has good underlying momentum but is starting to show signs of strain from a combination of unbalanced macroeconomic policies and an increasingly difficult external environment. A significant political transition has brought a new unity government to the fore. There is now an important window of opportunity to re-set macroeconomic policies to support stability and resilience, as well as undertake structural reforms to help Sri Lanka achieve high and sustained economic growth. Fiscal Policy. There is a clear need to put tax revenues on an upward path as part of a growth-friendly phase of fiscal consolidation and debt reduction. The significant reduction in the 2016 deficit to 5.4 percent of GDP will need to be followed by further revenue-based fiscal consolidation over the medium-term, guided by the 2020 deficit target of 3.5 percent of GDP (a primary surplus of 1 percent of GDP). Support on tax policy and revenue administration will be essential to successful implementation and creation of a simple, efficient, and equitable tax system.