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International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Abstract

This 2002 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, as well as Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles. The report highlights that the exchange rate of the Australian dollar is market determined. Licensed foreign exchange dealers may deal among themselves, with their customers, and with overseas counterparties at mutually negotiated rates for both spot and forward transactions in any currency with regard to trade- and nontrade-related transactions.

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Abstract

This is the 64th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on the operation of foreign exchange markets and controls on international trade. It describes controls on capital transactions and measures implemented in the financial sector, including prudential measures. In addition, it reports on exchange measures imposed by member countries for security reasons. A single table provides a snapshot of the exchange and trade systems of all IMF member countries. The Overview describes in detail how the general trend toward foreign exchange liberalization continued during 2012, alongside a strengthening of the financial sector regulatory framework. The AREAER is available in several formats. The Overview in print and online, and the detailed information for each of the 191 member countries and territories is included on a CD that accompanies the printed Overview and in an online database, AREAER Online. In addition to the information on the exchange and trade system of IMF member countries in 2012, AREAER Online contains historical data published in previous issues of the AREAER. It is searchable by year, country, and category of measure and allows cross country comparisons for time series.

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Abstract

This is the 65th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on the operation of foreign exchange markets and controls on international trade. It describes controls on capital transactions and measures implemented in the financial sector, including prudential measures. In addition, it reports on exchange measures imposed by member countries for security reasons. A single table provides a snapshot of the exchange and trade systems of all IMF member countries. The Overview describes in detail how the general trend toward foreign exchange liberalization continued during 2013, alongside a strengthening of the financial sector regulatory framework. A Special Topic essay examines the dynamics and evolution of capital flows. The AREAER is available in several formats. The Overview in print and online, and the detailed information for each of the 191 member countries and territories is included on a CD that accompanies the printed Overview and in an online database, AREAER Online. In addition to the information on the exchange and trade system of IMF member countries in 2013, AREAER Online contains historical data published in previous issues of the AREAER. It is searchable by year, country, and category of measure and allows cross country comparisons for time series.

International Monetary Fund

The staff report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation on Jordan highlights economic developments and policies. General sales tax collections increased strongly boosted by high import growth and improved revenue administration. The government has embarked on a substantial improvement of the education system, with support from an education sector reform loan from the World Bank. The integration of the sales and income tax departments into a unified revenue department will also contribute by strengthening tax collections and enforcement.

International Monetary Fund

Iraq’s 2005 Article IV Consultation reports that there has been a marked deterioration in Iraq’s human development indicators over the last twenty years. There is relatively little firm data on the balance of payments other than on oil exports, government imports of goods and services, and external reserves. There have been large current account deficits in 2004 and 2005, reflecting high levels of imports related to reconstruction and recovery. The Iraqi government has begun to engage with official creditors in line with the Paris Club agreement.

International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation on Jordan highlights economic developments and policies. General sales tax collections increased strongly boosted by high import growth and improved revenue administration. The government has embarked on a substantial improvement of the education system, with support from an education sector reform loan from the World Bank. The integration of the sales and income tax departments into a unified revenue department will also contribute by strengthening tax collections and enforcement.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
Iraq’s 2005 Article IV Consultation reports that there has been a marked deterioration in Iraq’s human development indicators over the last twenty years. There is relatively little firm data on the balance of payments other than on oil exports, government imports of goods and services, and external reserves. There have been large current account deficits in 2004 and 2005, reflecting high levels of imports related to reconstruction and recovery. The Iraqi government has begun to engage with official creditors in line with the Paris Club agreement.
International Monetary Fund
Turkey showed strong implementation of macroeconomic policies and economic reforms under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). Executive Directors commended the disinflation, debt reduction, and sustained economic growth, and stressed the need to safeguard macroeconomic stability and accelerate structural reforms. They welcomed the European Union-related legislation, and commended The Central Bank of Turkey for its monetary policy and the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency in its supervision of banks. They agreed that Turkey has successfully completed the fifth review under the SBA, and granted waiver.
International Monetary Fund
Tunisia showed strong economic performance, low inflation, and reduced poverty owing to its sound and transparent macroeconomic policies, trade liberalization, and social policies. Executive Directors commended this development, and stressed the need to tighten monetary and fiscal policies, and accelerate structural reforms. They welcomed the banking sector reforms based on the Financial System Stability Assessment report, and the liberalization achieved by Tunisia in the context of its Association Agreement with the European Union. They also urged the authorities to introduce legislation on anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism.