This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has made significant economic and political progress since 2001, after years of conflict and political instability. Adoption of prudent macroeconomic policies resulted in rapid disinflation and the stabilization of the exchange rate. The implementation of structural reforms made the economy more open, removed major price distortions, and strengthened macroeconomic policy management. Executive Directors have encouraged the new government to work with all parties to improve security and bring peace to all country provinces.
Facing declining reserves and high inflation, Ethiopian authorities have implemented an effective macroeconomic adjustment package supported by the IMF under the rapid-access component of the Exogenous Shocks Facility. The global recession is putting renewed pressure on the external position, via weaker export receipts and remittances and slowing inward direct investment. Supporting structural measures focus on tax reform, the control of public enterprise borrowing, and the control of liquidity through indirect instruments.
Barbados has some of the highest social and competitiveness indicators in the region and enjoys investment-grade rating on its sovereign bonds. The staff report for Barbados’s 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights economic developments and policies. Balance-of-payments pressures have increased, despite a narrowing in the current account deficit. In the absence of corrective measures, reserves are projected to decline to close to two months of imports over the medium term, which could lead to pressures on the currency peg.
This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Belarusian economy is recovering after two years of recession, helped by better policies, a more favorable external environment, and stronger domestic demand conditions. In 2017Q3, the economy grew by 1.7 percent year-on-year, amid household consumption boosted by strong wage growth and recovering investment. The current account deficit has narrowed, reflecting growth in services exports, as well as recession and real exchange rate adjustment in 2015–16. Medium-term growth is expected to be about 2 percent, limited by negative demographics, weak credit conditions, and lagging competitiveness under the state-centric economic model.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights Djibouti’s expansion of its transportation and utilities infrastructure to leverage its strategic location as a shipping hub and host to military bases. The authorities’ development strategy, Vision Djibouti 2035, aims to transform the country into a middle-income economy and a logistics and commercial hub for all of eastern Africa. Growth is estimated to have reached 6.5 percent in 2016, driven by major public sector projects: the railroad to Ethiopia, the construction of several new ports, and a water pipeline from Ethiopia. Inflation rose to 3 percent on average in 2016, reflecting increased food and service prices.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This 2019 Article IV Consultation with People’s Republic of China highlights that after the slowdown in 2018, reflecting financial regulatory strengthening and softening external demand, growth stabilized in early 2019. Financial deleveraging and reduced interconnectedness between banks and non-banks have helped contain the build-up of financial risks, but vulnerabilities remain elevated and progress on rebalancing is mixed. While a moderate slowdown is expected in 2019, uncertainty around trade tensions remains high and risks are tilted to the downside. Successfully shifting from high-speed to high-quality growth in a highly uncertain environment requires stabilizing the economy amid rising trade tensions while continuing with deleveraging and strengthening rebalancing. It is important to improve external policies and frameworks by working constructively with trading partners to better address shortcomings and enable a trading system that can more readily adapt to economic changes in the international environment.
The fourth review of Djibouti’s economic performance under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement highlights that the authorities maintained fiscal discipline in 2010, but fiscal performance weakened in the first months of 2011. The authorities made progress toward tackling high input costs, which hinder the development of the private sector. The Djibouti authorities remain committed to the IMF program, especially in the areas of fiscal discipline and structural reforms in tax revenue, public financial management, bank supervision, and central bank governance.
This Article IV Consultation reports that the overall balance of the central government of Paraguay is expected to be in equilibrium, while the central bank intends to withdraw excess liquidity as necessary to limit inflation to no more than 5 percent. Executive Directors commended the Paraguayan authorities for preserving macroeconomic stability in 2009 in the face of a severe drought and the global financial crisis. They emphasized the importance of fiscal reforms, aimed at increasing the tax ratio, strengthening fiscal management, and reducing fiscal risks.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses the recommendations made by the IMF mission to assist the statistical authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) with setting up a register of public sector units and further enhancing the debt data based on the framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 and European System of National and Regional Accounts. It is recommended that the three statistical institutes (BiH Agency for Statistics, Institute of Statistics, and the Institute of Statistics of the Federation of BiH) should draw up a provisional list of government controlled entities before the sectorization project starts in October 2015. The list should comprise all entities where government exercises some influence.