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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

This paper reviews the procurement process under World Bank projects. The paper highlights that the World Bank’s interest in procurement under its loans stems directly from the “project” requirement of its Articles, which stipulates that it should lend for specific projects, except in special circumstances, and that it should ensure that the proceeds of the loan are used only for its specified purpose, with due attention to economy and efficiency. In 1951, the World Bank began introducing international competitive bidding as the normal procedure for procurement of the goods and works needed for its projects.

Shlomo Reutlinger and Marcelo Selowsky

One billion people, half the population of the developing world, live on diets that are deficient in essential calories. One third of them are children below the age of ten. This article discusses the magnitude of the problem, and reviews the economic implications of specific intervention programs designed to solve it.

Jacob Meerman and Susan Hill Cochrane

How will sub-Saharan Africa cope with a growing population and decreasing food production per capita? The authors assess the situation and discuss ways in which the problems might be eased.

C. P. McMeekan

Writing from his experience as a scientist who has worked to increase animal production for food in some 40 less developed countries, the author shows that in spite of the extraordinary success attained in this field of science, it may in relation to the extent of the problems be regarded as a failure. In a later article he will deal with constraints on increased production and how they might be removed. C.P. McMeekan