We present estimates of welfare by country for 2007 and 2014 using the methodology of
Jones and Klenow (2016) which incorporates consumption, leisure, mortality and
inequality, and we extend the methodology to include environmental externalities. During
the period of the global financial crisis welfare grew slightly more rapidly than income per
capita, mainly due to improvements in life expectancy. This led to welfare convergence in
most regions towards advanced country levels. Introducing environmental effects changes
the welfare ranking for countries that rely heavily on natural resources, highlighting the
importance of the natural resource base in welfare. This methodology could provide a
theoretically consistent and tractable way of monitoring progress in several Sustainable
Development Goal (SDG) indicators.
The June 2008 issue tackles the crisis in financial markets in industrial countries from a number of angles. Articles look at the origins of the crisis in the subprime mortgage market in the United States and track its spillover into other markets. Then authors examine what can be done to prevent future crises. Other articles look at bank capital adequacy rules and Basel II, whether emerging markets and industrial economies are decoupling or converging, capital flows to low-income countries, efforts to achieve the MDGs, and currency intervention. Back to Basics looks at over-the-counter (OTC) markets and the People in Economics column profiles Jacques Polak. Picture This is on the digital divide.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
World poverty can be significantly decreased by 2015 if developing and industrial countries implement their commitments to attack its root causes, according to a report released on June 26. The report, entitled A Better World for All, was prepared jointly by the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, the IMF, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).