International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
On March 15, the IMF, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the World Bank announced the joint publication of the first of a new series of quarterly releases of statistics for 176 developing and transition countries, in response to requests for dissemination of more timely external debt indicators. The statistics are hosted at www.oecd.org/dac/debt and are also accessible through each agency’s website. The IMF’s website is www.imf.org. Following is the text of News Brief 99/11.
This paper discusses key findings of the Cluster Report on German-Central European Supply Chain (GCESC). Since the 1990s, a GCESC has evolved, manufacturing goods for export to the rest of the world. Reflecting this, bilateral trade linkages between Germany and the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and the Slovak Republic (CE4) have expanded rapidly. Participation in the GCESC has led to technology transfers to CE4 countries and accelerated income convergence. Export growth in knowledge-intensive sectors has been particularly rapid in the CE4. It is also observed that complementarities between supply chain activities and domestic production have led to greater synchronization of the business cycle among GCESC countries.
This paper presents an update to the Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Fiscal Transparency for Poland. Three state offices were consolidated with the government. Also, the Alimony Fund—an extrabudgetary fund—was liquidated and its functions were shifted to the local governments as of May 1, 2004. The medium-term fiscal reform plan under consideration envisages further consolidation of some extrabudgetary entities and elimination of certain overlapping functions between the central and local governments. Efforts were also made to decentralize fiscal activity and increase the efficiency of public spending.
This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Poland’s economy is steadily recovering from the 2012–2013 slowdown on the back of Poland’s very strong fundamentals and policies. Real GDP growth moderated to 1.6 percent in 2013 as the slowdown in core euro area countries had knock-on effects on consumer and investor confidence. However, a steady recovery is now under way. The outlook is for a continuing recovery, but external risks remain firmly on the downside. Growth is expected to reach 3.3 percent in 2014 but strong trade and financial linkages with core euro area countries make it vulnerable to growth shocks.
This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Poland has recovered from the 2012–13 slowdown. Growth accelerated to 3.4 percent in 2014, and further to 3.6 percent in the first quarter of 2015, on the back of buoyant domestic demand, supported by improving labor market and financial conditions. However, inflation has remained negative since July 2014 owing to low commodity prices and weak imported inflation. The outlook is for continued robust growth and subdued inflation amid downside risks. Economic expansion is expected to continue, with growth projected at 3.5 percent in 2015 and over the medium term.
In this study, economic recovery and growth of Macedonia are discussed. In the financial sector, nonperforming loans (NPLs) rose, and bank profitability declined as a result of the crisis. Executive Directors agreed with the thrust of the staff appraisal. Directors were encouraged by the overall healthy condition of the financial system. The need to accelerate structural reforms and strengthen public infrastructure to raise productivity and help reduce high unemployment is encouraged. Macedonia met the Precautionary Credit Line (PCL) qualification requirements.
This 2012 Article IV Consultation discusses that the economy of Poland fared well throughout the crisis. The growth was robust and well balanced in 2011. The banking sector remained profitable and well capitalized. Declining provisioning boosted profitability and the average capital adequacy ratio remained high at about 13 percent. Executive Directors have commended the authorities for sound macroeconomic management, which has underpinned the good performance of the Polish economy in a challenging environment. Directors have broadly supported the ongoing fiscal adjustment, which is necessary to rebuild fiscal buffers.
This 2018 Article IV Consultation discussions with the Republic of Poland focused on the strong growth upswing since 2017, which has been supported by three coincident cycles: a rebound in euro-area activity, a substantial increase in European Union transfers, and new large social benefit programs. It has been highlighted in the report that risks to the outlook for the Polish economy from external developments are elevated, while any slippage from prudent policies and sound governance principles could dent investors’ risk appetite. Substantial adjustment in recent years has brought the medium-term objective within reach. Remaining adjustment should rely on sustainable, growth-friendly measures. The team recommended that independent and well-resourced financial supervision is essential for effective and even-handed oversight, particularly in a state-dominated financial system. Sustaining rapid income convergence as working-age population declines calls for durable increases in investment and productivity. Reforms should focus on removing existing barriers to investment, facilitating more reliable access to skilled labor, enhancing predictability of policy changes, and providing a level playing field for all investors by protecting the rights of minority shareholders and ensuring competition.
The Czech Republic’s strong fundamentals helped to sustain economic growth with low unemployment and underpin strides toward convergence with EU-15. Executive Directors welcomed the euro accession strategy and the sustained implementation of the Maastricht criteria, which would provide a solid foundation for euro adoption. They commended the sound financial system and prudent monetary policies and supported policy tightening to counter rising inflation pressures. Directors highlighted the need to sustain fiscal consolidation, promote labor participation, and lower structural unemployment in alleviating fiscal adjustment.
This staff report for the Republic of Poland’s 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights economic development and policies. The current account in 2012 was primarily financed by EU transfers and foreign direct investment (FDI), notwithstanding a reduction in net FDI inflows. Moderate outflows from the domestic banking system were more than offset by strong portfolio inflows into the government bond market. The current account deficit and real effective exchange rate are broadly in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies according to the External Balance Assessment models. The largely foreign-owned banking system has remained well-capitalized, profitable, and liquid.