In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper assesses changes in the size and scope of government in 24 transition economies. Whereas these governments have retrenched in terms of public expenditures in relation to GDP, as well as public employment as a share of population, some indicators suggest that size remains high (e.g., rising indebtedness, a heavy regulatory burden, and prevalence of noncash transactions). At the same time, the scope of government activities-although evolving-has not necessarily become appropriate. This paper provides some recommendations for aligning the scope of government with the increasing market orientation of these economies.
This paper analyzes the recent economic developments in Moldova by reviewing the real, fiscal, and external sectors developments; money banking; and structural policies. The study provides a statistical analysis on the composition of fiscal adjustments in the country, and describes the recent trends in social spending and social indicators in Moldova and in other transition economies in the 1990s, the methodology for estimating efficiency in public spending on education and health care, and assesses the current account determination in the country.