1.1 The main purpose of the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual and Compilation Guide (Manual) is to offer guidelines for the compilation and presentation of monetary statistics, with compilers and users of such statistics as its focal target audience. Additionally, the Manual provides an orientation to the financial statistics framework. The Manual is also useful to compilers and users of other macroeconomic statistics in understanding the relationships among the various macroeconomic datasets.
2.1 This chapter provides an overview of the monetary and financial statistics framework, focusing on its scope, uses, and main principles and concepts. Further, it explains the relationship of monetary and financial statistics with the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA), other statistical manuals, and the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs). The chapter sets the stage for the other chapters of this Manual, providing a context for the reader.
3.1 Chapter 3 identifies institutional units and groups them into institutional sectors based on their economic objectives, functions, and behavior. The chapter focuses on the role of institutional units as holders and issuers of financial assets and the classification and sectoring of their accounts for compiling monetary and financial statistics. The definition of institutional units and their classification into sectors follow closely the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA), the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6), and the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 (GFSM 2014). In addition, this chapter expands on issues that are relevant for compilers of monetary statistics and discusses special cases where sectoring is not straightforward.
4.1 This chapter describes the principal characteristics of financial assets and liabilities, and their classification by type of financial instrument within the framework of monetary and financial statistics. The recommended classification at its highest level follows that of the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA). This chapter also includes three annexes: Annex 4.1 presents examples of debt securities issued through securitization; Annex 4.2 deals with the recommended treatment of accounts with the IMF in monetary statistics; while Annex 4.3 discusses topics related to Islamic financial institutions and instruments.
5.1 This chapter discusses financial stocks and flows, and the accounting rules for the compilation of monetary and financial statistics. The stock and flow concepts and accounting rules follow the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) and other statistical manuals. The framework used is a consistent system that, in principle, measures each financial flow or stock position identically for the parties involved, using the same accounting rules. The framework is also an integrated system in which changes in stocks of financial assets and liabilities account for all flows in a period. It divides flows into transactions, revaluations (holding gains and losses), and other changes in the volume of assets (OCVA).