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Mr. Christian B. Mulder

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.

International Monetary Fund

This Background Paper on Nepal highlights that during 1993/94, overall economic performance was generally favorable. Real GDP grew by nearly 7 percent, largely owing to the good monsoon that helped boost agricultural output significantly above the low levels recorded in the previous year. Inflation remained stable at about 9 percent, closely following price developments in India. Reflecting the substantial improvement in government revenue collections, net domestic financing of the budget deficit was contained at 1 percent of GDP.

Mr. Jean A. P. Clément, Amo Yartey, Ragnar Gudmundsson, and Mr. Bernardin Akitoby

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the third largest country in Africa, is making significant strides to extricate itself from one of the bloodiest wars in the continent’s history, which resulted in millions of deaths. Focusing on the DRC’s turnaround as well as its considerable stabilization and reconstruction challenges, Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa draws lessons for postconflict countries worldwide. The IMF team leader and book’s editor, Jean A.P. Clement, and three contributing authors, Bernardin Akitoby, Ragnar Gudmundsson, and Charles Amo Yartey, spoke with Jacqueline Irving of the IMF Survey about what can be learned from the DRC’s experience.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the poorest half of the population receives about the same share of income as the top 1 percent and the lowest 70–75 percent of the population the same share as the top 5 percent. It is clear that the distribution of income and wealth will have substantial implications for the pattern of consumption and production in developing countries.