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Jihad Alwazir, Mr. Fazurin Jamaludin, Dongyeol Lee, Niamh Sheridan, and Ms. Patrizia Tumbarello
Access to financial services in the small states of the Pacific is being eroded. Weaknesses in Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism compliance in the context of high levels of remittances are contributing to banks’ decisions to withdraw corresponding banking relationships and close bank accounts of money transfer operators. In this paper, we gather evidence on these developments in the small states of the Pacific, discuss the main drivers, and the potentially negative impact on the financial sector and macroeconomy. We then identify the collective efforts needed to address the consequences of withdrawal of corresponding banking relationships and outline policy measures to help the affected countries mitigate the impact.
International Monetary Fund

This report reviews the Observance of Standards and Codes on the Fiscal Transparency Module for Samoa. The assessment reveals that as a result of reforms over a number of years, Samoa has made substantial progress in improving fiscal transparency and now meets the standards in the Fiscal Transparency Code in a significant number of areas. There is a comprehensive and modern legal framework for fiscal management. The central bank has effective independence. The budget is comprehensive and reliable, the public accounts are timely and comprehensive, and there is quite extensive reporting of noncash items.