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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

This paper reviews the procurement process under World Bank projects. The paper highlights that the World Bank’s interest in procurement under its loans stems directly from the “project” requirement of its Articles, which stipulates that it should lend for specific projects, except in special circumstances, and that it should ensure that the proceeds of the loan are used only for its specified purpose, with due attention to economy and efficiency. In 1951, the World Bank began introducing international competitive bidding as the normal procedure for procurement of the goods and works needed for its projects.

Shlomo Reutlinger and Marcelo Selowsky

One billion people, half the population of the developing world, live on diets that are deficient in essential calories. One third of them are children below the age of ten. This article discusses the magnitude of the problem, and reviews the economic implications of specific intervention programs designed to solve it.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Niger understands the need to adopt a long-term strategy capable of optimizing natural and human resources to promote sustainable economic and social development and inclusive growth. The government has renewed planning efforts in the preparation of three principal strategic documents. These three strategic planning tools are complementary, and the government is committed to implementing them so that they interact with each other synergistically while ensuring dynamic linkages between short-, medium-, and long-term programs.
International Monetary Fund
Following an evaluation of the first Poverty Reduction Strategy Framework (PRSF) of Mali, the government adopted the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Framework (GPRSF) document, which aims at reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs. The Accelerated Growth Strategy, which maintains macroeconomic stability and pursues structural reforms, is based on improvement of governance and renewal of public action, development of productive and private sectors, and investment in human resources. The GPRSF groups provide details regarding implementation of sector policies and strategies, budget implementation status, and recommendations. It is recommended to ensure monitoring-evaluation of poverty reduction activities through the GPRSF action plan.
International Monetary Fund
The government of Burundi undertook to prepare the first Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Framework (GPRSF). The general framework for most economic and social development programs initiated by Burundi and its donors has been established. A general balance sheet of performance has also been established. Economic development efforts have generally had an impact on the population’s material well-being. The principal objective of the second strategic axis focusing on economic growth was annual growth between 6 and 7 percent, capable of doubling per capita GDP in 15 years.
International Monetary Fund
The implementation of the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Framework (GPRSF) first describes the characteristics of poverty in Burundi before proceeding to review progress made in terms of each strategic axis. The analysis of macroeconomic performance, including the real sector, inflation, budgetary framework, the real sector [sic], and currency completes this report. In this context of extreme poverty and given the link between population numbers and poverty reduction, it is crucial that issues related to demographic pressure be clearly taken into account in all development programs.
International Monetary Fund
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
Jacob Meerman and Susan Hill Cochrane

How will sub-Saharan Africa cope with a growing population and decreasing food production per capita? The authors assess the situation and discuss ways in which the problems might be eased.

C.P. McMeekan

Writing from his experience as a scientist who has worked to increase animal production for food in some 40 less developed countries, the author shows that in spite of the extraordinary success attained in this field of science, it may in relation to the extent of the problems be regarded as a failure. In a later article he will deal with constraints on increased production and how they might be removed. C.P. McMeekan